Prayer Time

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Islam is composed of three main aspects: Utterance, faith, and deeds.

The Utterance: Is to testify that there is no god worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is His slave and messenger.

The Faith: Is to believe in Allah, the Angels, the Heavenly Scriptures, Prophets, the last Day, and in the ability of Allah to will the existence of good or bad.

The Deeds: Are Salat (Prayers,) Zakat (a certain fixed proportion of the wealth – liable to Zakat – of a Muslim to be paid yearly for the benefit of the poor,) Siyam (Fasting,) and Hajj (Pilgrimage.)

Faith in Allah:

1. We believe that Allah is the only one God, our Lord and the Lord of everything, and the Creator of everything.

2. All other than Him are created, and are servants who share nothing with Allah. Even Angels and Prophets are merely created servants submitting to Allah.

3. Among them are Jesus and Muhammad (Peace be upon them); both have no trace of deity (godhood).

4. Allah is the Living Self-Sustaining, Eternal, the First without a beginning and the Last without an end.

5. He hears everything and sees everything.

6. He is the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful, All-Dominating and He has the Most Beautiful Names and the most Noble Attributes.

7. He has created us from non-existence, and made us in the best form and He has given us all graces and bounties.

8. Hence we are not permitted to worship or submit to anything other than Him, whether a favorite Angel or a chosen Prophet.

9. Whoever directs his prayers, bows or prostrates (in worship), or offers sacrifice to any other than Allah, he becomes an infidel and is not a Muslim even if he declares that he is a Muslim. Allah says:

{قُلْ إِنَّ صَلَاتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ * لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ}.

{Say: Truly, my prayer and my service of sacrifice, my living and my dying are (all) for Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. * No partner has He. And of this I have been commanded and I am the first of those who are Muslims}. (Qur’an; 6:162-163).

10. Islam is the religion of Monotheism: it denies the Dualism of Magians and the Trinity of Christians. Islam teaches that Allah is One and only One. No one shares with Him, His Dominion or His Command. He has the Most Beautiful Names and the Most Noble Attributes. Allah says:

{قل هو الله أحد * الله الصمد * لم يلد ولم يولد * ولم يكن له كفواً أحد}.

{Say! He is Allah, the only One. * Allah is He on Whom all depend. * He begets not, nor was He begotten. * And there is none like unto Him}. (Holy Qur’an; 112).

Faith in Angels:

1. Allah has created Angels to worship Him, to carry out His commands and to be His messengers to His Prophets.

2. One of the angels is "Gabriel" who used to bring down Revelations to our Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him).

3. Another Angel is "Michael" who is in charge of rain fall.

4. A third one is the "Angel of Death" who is in charge of taking the souls of people whose death is due.

5. Angels are but servants honored by Allah.

6. Hence we honor them and speak of them respectfully.

7. But we worship none of them, nor do we take them as Allah’s sons or daughters (as the infidels claim).

8. We worship only Allah who created them in this wonderful kind of creation. Allah, Glory be to Him says:

{وَقَالُوا اتَّخَذَ الرَّحْمَنُ وَلَدًا سُبْحَانَهُ بَلْ عِبَادٌ مُّكْرَمُونَ * لَا يَسْبِقُونَهُ بِالْقَوْلِ وَهُم بِأَمْرِهِ يَعْمَلُونَ * يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَلَا يَشْفَعُونَ إِلَّا لِمَنِ ارْتَضَى وَهُم مِّنْ خَشْيَتِهِ مُشْفِقُونَ...}.

{And they say: The Most Gracious has begotten a son, Glory be to Him! They are but honored servants. They do not speak before He speaks, and they act (in all things) by His command. He knows what is before them, and what is behind them, and they offer no intercession except for those whom He accepted, and they stand in awe for the fear of Him...}. (Qur’an; 21:26-29).

Faith in Holy Scriptures:

1. Allah has sent down to a number of Messengers, Books in order to proclaim them to mankind. These Books contain the Words of Allah.

2. Among them are the Sheets of Ibrahim (Abraham,) Taurat revealed to Musa (Moses,) Az-Zabour (Psalms) revealed to Dawud (David,) The Injil (Gospel) revealed to Isa (Jesus,) and the Qur’an sent down to Muhammad (Peace be upon them all).

3. Jews and Christians distorted some parts of their Books (Taurat and Injil).

4. Being the last Book assuredly guarded from corruption, the Qur’an confirms the truth in the previous Books and guards it.

5. Whatever that is in those Books which differs from the Qur’an is corrupted or abrogated. Allah, Glory be to Him says:

{وَأَنزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ مُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَمُهَيْمِنًا عَلَيْه...}.

{And We have revealed to you the Book with the truth, verifying what is before it of the Book and a guardian over it…}. (Qur’an; 5:48).

6. Allah revealed the Qur’an in Arabic and has firmly promised to protect it. His last Message is free from all corruption; He, the Most High, says about the Qur’an:

{إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَزَّلْنَا الذِّكْرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُ لَحَافِظُونَ}.

{Surely We have revealed the Reminder and We will most surely be its guardian}. (Qur’an; 15:9).

Faith in the Prophets:

1. We believe that Allah chooses from among mankind some Prophets to deliver His Guidance. From among those Prophets He selected Some Messengers.

2. He sent to the Messengers Laws and commanded them to proclaim these laws and to clarify them to their people.

3. Some of the great Messengers of Allah were Nooh (Noah,) Ibrahim (Abraham,) Musa (Moses), Isa (Jesus,) and Muhammad (Peace be upon them all).

4. Embracing Islam does not mean to disbelieve in Musa, Isa, or any other Prophet.

5. Islam teaches you how to believe correctly in all the Prophets.

6. Allah mentioned the names of a number of Prophets, He, the Most High, says:

{قُولُوا آمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ وَمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْنَا وَمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَالْأَسْبَاطِ وَمَا أُوتِيَ مُوسَى وَعِيسَى وَمَا أُوتِيَ النَّبِيُّونَ مِن رَّبِّهِمْ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِّنْهُمْ وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ}.

{Say: We have believed in Allah and (in) that which had been revealed to us, and (in) that which was revealed to Ibrahim and Ismail and Ishaq and Yaqoub and the tribes, and (in) that which was given to Musa and Isa, and (in) that which was given to the prophets from their Lord, we do not make any distinction between any of them, and to Him do we submit}. (Qur’an; 2:136)

7. The first Prophet was Adam, the father of mankind (Peace be upon him).

8. Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam (Peace be upon him) is the seal (the last) of the Prophets. No Prophet is to come after him up to the end of this world.

9. Hence the fact that Islam is the only true religion to remain up to the Last Day.

10. He is Muhammad son of Abdullah son of Abdul-Muttalib. He is an Arab from (the famous tribe) of Quraysh, a descendant of Ibrahim (Abraham) and Isma’il (Ishmael) (Peace be upon them all).

11. He was born in Makkah (Mecca) in 571 AD (Known as the Year of the Elephant).

12. Allah sent the Revelation to him when he was 40 years old.

13. He stayed in Makkah for 13 years calling people to (believe in) Allah. Only a limited number of people believed in him.

14. After that he migrated to Al-Madinah and invited its people to believe in Allah, they accepted.

15. He established the first Islamic state, and in the year 11 AH (After Hijrah) He died at the age of 63 after the whole of the Qur’an was revealed, and all Arabs embraced Islam.

Faith in the Last Day:

1. We believe that there will be another life after this life.

2. When the determined term of this life comes to an end, Allah will command an Angel to blow in the Trumpet and all mankind and all other creatures will die.

3. Then he (the Angel) will blow it again, when, all the deads since Adam’s time will stand out from their graves.

4. Then, Allah will gather all people to give accounts for what they did on earth.

5. Those who believed (in Allah), accepted the Messengers (as truthful) and did good deeds (commanded by Allah), Allah will grant them Paradise. In Paradise, they will enjoy eternal Bliss.

6. But those who rejected the Messengers and disobeyed Allah’s commands will be sent to Hell. In Hell Fire, they will be in continuous eternal punishment. Allah, Glory be to Him says:

{فَأَمَّا مَن طَغَى * وَآثَرَ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا * فَإِنَّ الْجَحِيمَ هِيَ الْمَأْوَى * وَأَمَّا مَنْ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّهِ وَنَهَى النَّفْسَ عَنِ الْهَوَى * فَإِنَّ الْجَنَّةَ هِيَ الْمَأْوَى}.

{So as for he who transgressed * And preferred the life of the world * Then surely Hellfire will be [his] refuge * But as for he who feared the position of his Lord and prevented the soul from [unlawful] inclination * Then surely Paradise will be [his] refuge}. (Qur’an, 79:37-41).

Believing in Fate and Divine Decree:

1. We believe in the knowledge of Allah which has no limits and in His power to plan and execute His plans and nothing could happen in His Kingdom against His will.

2. His knowledge and power are in action and command at all times over His creation.

3. He is the Most Wise and the Most Merciful and whatever He does must have a meaningful purpose.

4. If this is established in our minds and hearts, we should accept with good faith all that He does, although we may fail to understand it fully, or think it is bad.


Revised and corrected on 2/4/2018.


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