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The commentary on Suratul Ikhlas


Suratul-Ikhlas is the 112th chapter of the Qur'an and contains just four verses. It is a Makkan surah, i.e. revealed in Makkah before the Prophet's migration to Madinah. It is quite short but pregnant with divine information about the personality and attributes of (God) Allah and very weighty in the divine scale.




The Prophet peace be upon him is narrated to have said that this chapter alone in its weight and importance equates one third of the whole Qur'an!




What was the immediate cause for the revelation of this chapter? Why was it revealed?!




It is said that the chapter was revealed in response to the unbelievers of Quraish who had asked the Prophet peace be upon him to give them the ancestral linage of Allah (exalted is He above all such things). Narrated by Ubaiyyu ibn Ka'ab may Allah be pleased with him, that the Prophet of Allah was asked by the Quraish unbelievers to give them the ancestral linage of Allah the most High and Exalted, and then Allah revealed this chapter." Others have it that it was as revealed answering the Jews who had asked the Prophet peace be upon him that "This Allah created everything, then who created Him." Then Allah revealed the chapter;


"Say, "He is Allah, [who is] One.


 Allah, the Eternal Refuge.


He neither begets nor is born.


Nor is there to Him any equivalent."


Its commentary:


Allah says to His Prophet "Say (O Muhammad to all those asking about Allah's ancestry, attributes and creation that) He is Allah, (who is) One, who deserves the worship of everything in creation. He is the Eternal refuge to whom all in creation runs to and in whom they seek for refuge, help, sustenance and assistance; the One who feeds all and yet not in need for feeding; the One needed by all to survive but needs nothing from non in His creation! He begets none nor is he begotten (as claimed by the Christian doctrine of Trinity; God the father, the son and the holy ghost). And there is nothing unto like Him; nothing is similar to Him and He has no second, partner of or whatsoever.




Some of the virtues of this chapter:


1. It recitation is equal in reward as one third of the Qur'an. The Prophet of Allah was narrated to have said in one of the narrations of Abu Hurairah that. "Say He I Allah, (who is) One" is equivalent to one third of the Qur'an."


2. It is a source of attaining the Paradise. In the story of the Imam of Qubaa mosque who used to accompany any chapter or group of verses he recites in prayers with this chapter and his congregation complained to the Prophet about his attitude in prayer. The Prophet then asked him why he insisted on concluding his recitations with the chapter and he replied, "because I love the chapter". The Prophet then told him "your love for it has made you attain Paradise."


3. It is a source for the acceptance of one's supplication. The Messenger of Allah had overheard a man supplicating saying "O Allah I ask You by ny witnessing that You are Allah, the One and only God, the Eternal Refuge who begets not nor is He begotten, and He has no equivalent." And the Prophet said, "He has asked Allah with His name by which He gives when asked by it, and He answers whenever a supplication is made by it."


4. It is a source of cure and forgiveness. The Messenger of Allah had overheard a man supplicating in his prayer saying "O Allah I ask You by Your Might as the Allah, the One and only, the Eternal Refuge who begets not nor is He begotten, and He has no equivalent that You should forgive me my sins." And the Prophet said, "He has been forgiven, he has been forgiven."




With the above this chapter could be rightly qualified as small but mighty. May Allah give us the wisdom to comprehend the verses of the Qur'an and attain the blessings therein. Ameen!






Tafseer al-Tabari

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