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The Virtue of Ayatul-Kursi (The Verse of The Thrown)

MIT
3/4/2014
3445 views

اللّهُ لاَ إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ لاَ تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلاَ نَوْمٌ لَّهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الأَرْضِ مَن ذَا الَّذِي يَشْفَعُ عِنْدَهُ إِلاَّ بِإِذْنِهِ يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَلاَ يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِّنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلاَّ بِمَا شَاء وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ وَلاَ يَؤُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا وَهُوَ الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ

 

Transliteration:

Allahu laa ilaaha illaa Huwa, Al-Hayyul-Qayyum Laa ta'khudhuhu sinatun wa laa nawm, lahu maa fis-samaawaati wa maa fil-'ardh man dhal-ladhee yashfa'u 'indahu illaa bi-idhnihi Ya'lamu maa bayna aydeehim wa maa khalfahum, wa laa yuheetoona bi shay'im-min 'ilmihee illaa bimaa shaa'a wasi'a kursiyyuhus-samaawaati wal 'ardhi, wa laa ya'ooduhoo hifdhuhumaa wa Huwal 'Aliyyul-'Adheem

 

 

 

Translation of the meaning:

{Allah! None has the right to be worshipped but He, Al-Hayyul-Qayyuum (the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists). Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding   and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.} [al-Baqarah: 255]

 

 

 

Brief exegeses:

This is the verse number 255 of the second surah of the Qur'an (al-Baqarah). In it Allah says:

 

 

 

(Allah! None has the right to be worshipped but He) mentions that Allah is the One and Only Lord of all creation. Every other worshiped gods or lords are but false. He Alone has the ultimate unconditional right to be worshiped.

 

 

 

(Al-Hayyul-Qayyum) testifies that Allah is the Ever Living, Who never dies, Who sustains everyone and everything. All creation stands in need of Allah and totally relies on Him, while He is the Most Rich and independent, Who stands in need of nothing created. Rather, He gives to them and sustains them all.

 

 

 

(Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him) means, no shortcoming, unawareness or ignorance ever touches Allah. Rather, He is aware of, and controls what every soul earns, has perfect watch over everything, nothing escapes His knowledge, and no secret matter is secret to Him. Among His perfect attributes, is the fact that He is never effected by slumber or sleep. In fact, He started with slumber that is less before mentioning sleep, which is a much deeper condition. Like He tells us that if mere slumber cannot overtake Him, why then should sleep!

 

 

 

In the Sahih it came that Abu Musa said: {The Messenger of Allah delivered a speech regarding four words: "Allah does not sleep, and it does not befit His majesty that He sleeps. He lowers the scales and raises them. The deeds of the day are raised up to Him before the deeds of the night, and the deeds of the night before the deeds of the day. His Veil is light, or fire, and if He removes it, the rays from His Face would burn whatever His sight reaches of His creation.}

 

 

 

(To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth) indicates that everyone is a servant for Allah, a part of His kingdom and under His power and authority. Similarly, Allah said: {There is none in the heavens and the earth but comes unto the Most Gracious (Allah) as a servant. Verily, He knows each one of them, and has counted them a perfect counting. And everyone of them will come to Him alone on the Day of Resurrection (without any helper, or protector or defender)} [Maryam: 93-95]

 

 

 

(Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His permission) is just similar to His statements: {And there are many angels in the heavens, whose intercession will avail nothing except after Allah has given leave for whom He wills and is pleased with} [An-Najm: 26] {They cannot intercede except for him with whom He is pleased} [al-Anbiya': 28]

 

 

 

(He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter). This refers to His perfect knowledge of all creation; its past, present and future.

 

 

 

(And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills) explains that no one attains any part of Allah's knowledge except what Allah conveys and allows him to attain. This part of the verse indicates that no matter the knowledge anyone has acquired and understands, it is due to Allah's Will and permission. This is clearer when you scrutinize students studying, those who understand best may not necessarily be the ones that struggled and read more. It is all of His Will and Permission to whomsoever he wishes.

 

 

 

(His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth) Waki` narrated in his Tafsir that Ibn `Abbas said, "Kursi is the footstool, and no one is able to give due consideration to Allah's Throne.'' [Mustadrakul Hakim].

 

 

 

In another narration Ibn `Abbas said, "If the seven heavens and the seven earths were flattened and laid side by side, they would add up to the size of a ring in a desert, compared to the Kursi.'' [adh-Dhahhak]

 

 

 

(And He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them) meaning, it does not burden or cause Him fatigue to protect the heavens and earth and all that is in between them. Rather, this is an easy matter for Him.

 

 

 

(And He is the Most High, the Most Great) are two of His great Attributes. He is at the peak of height and peak of greatness beyond the human imagination as befits His Majesty.

 

 

 

It is worth noting that these verse, other similar ones and authentic Hadiths about Allah's Attributes must be treated the way the righteous ancestors treated them, by accepting their apparent meanings without equating or likening them to the attributes of the creation, or altering their apparent meanings.

 

 

 

Special Virtue:

 

This is the greatest verse in the Glorious Qur'an. It is one fourth of the entire Qur'an, in its might and reward. It is one of those very special mercies Allah send exclusively with the general mercy of Islam and the Qur'an. Thus, tremendous virtues have been associated with it. Below are some of these virtue as elucidated in the words of the greatest of Prophets, Muhammad (peace be upon him):

 

 

 

1. It is the greatest verse of the Qur'an. `Ubayy bin Ka`b said that the Prophet (peace be upon him) asked him about the greatest verse in the Book of Allah, and `Ubayy answered, "Allah and His Messenger (peace be upon him) know better.'' When the Prophet (peace be upon him) repeated his question several times, `Ubayy said, "Ayat Al-Kursi.'' The Prophet (peace be upon hum) commented: "Congratulations for having knowledge, O Abu al-Mundhir! By He in Whose Hand is my soul! This Ayah has a tongue and two lips with which she praises the King (Allah) next to the leg of the Throne". [Ahmad]

 

 

 

2. It is protection: It is recorded in the hadith that that Abu Ayyub said that he had some dates and a Ghoul (Jinn) used to take some, and he complained to the Prophet (peace be upon him). The Prophet (peace be upon him) said to him, "When you see her, say, `In the Name of Allah, answer to the Messenger of Allah' (peace be upon him).'' Abu Ayyub said that when she came again, he said these words and he was able to grab her. She begged, "I will not come again,'' so Abu Ayyub released her. Abu Ayyub went to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and the Prophet (peace be upon him) asked him, "What did your prisoner do'' Abu Ayyub said, "I grabbed her and she said twice, `I will not come again,' and I released her.'' The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "She will come back.'' Abu Ayyub said, "So I grabbed her twice or three times, yet each time ﴿I would release her whenshe vowed not to come back. I would go to the Prophet (peace be upon him) who would ask me, `What is the news of your prisoner' I would say, `I grabbed her, then released her when she said that she would not return.' The Prophet (peace be upon him) would say that she would return. Once, I grabbed her and she said, `Release me and I will teach you something to recite so that no harm touches you, that is, Ayat Al-Kursi.' Abu Ayyub went to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and told him, and the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "She is liar, but she told the truth.'' [Tirmidhi and Ahmad].

 

 

 

In another narration, Abu Hurayrah said: "Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) assigned me to keep watch over the Sadaqah (charity) of Ramadan. A person snuck in and started taking handfuls of foodstuff. I caught him and said, `By Allah, I will take you to Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him).' He said, `Release me, for I am meek and have many dependents and am in great need.' I released him, and in the morning Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him)  asked me, `What did your prisoner do yesterday, O Abu Hurayrah' I said, `O Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him)! He complained of being needy and of having many dependents, so I pitied him and let him go.' Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said, `Indeed, he told you a lie and will be coming again.' I believed that he would show up again, for Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) had told me that he would return. So, I watched for him. When he (showed up and) started stealing handfuls of foodstuff, I caught hold of him again and said, `I will definitely take you to Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him).' He said, `Leave me, for I am very needy and have many dependents. I promise I will not come back again.' I pitied him and let him go. In the morning Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) asked me, `What did your prisoner do last night, O Abu Hurayrah!' I replied, `O Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him)! He complained of his great need and of too many dependents, so I took pity on him and set him free.' Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said, `Verily, he told you a lie; he will return.' I waited for him attentively for the third time, and when he (came and) started stealing handfuls of the foodstuff, I caught hold of him and said, `I will surely take you to Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) as it is the third time you promised not to return, yet you returned.' He said, `Let me teach you some words which Allah will give you benefit from.' I asked, `What are they' He replied, `Whenever you go to bed, recite Ayat Al-Kursi- Allahu la ilaha illa Huwal-Hayyul-Qayyum, till you finish the whole verse. (If you do so), Allah will appoint a guard for you who will stay with you, and no Shaytan will come near you until morning.' So, I released him. In the morning, Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) asked, `What did your prisoner do yesterday' I replied, `O Allah's Messenger! He claimed that he would teach me some words by which Allah will grant me some benefit, so I let him go.' Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him)  asked, `What are they' I replied, `He said to me: Whenever you go to bed, recite Ayat Al-Kursi from the beginning to the end, Allahu la ilaha illa Huwal-Hayyul-Qayyum. He further said to me: (If you do so), Allah will appoint a guard for you who will stay with you, and no Shaytan will come near you until morning.' (One of the narrators) then commented that they (the Companions) were very keen to do good deeds. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, `He spoke the truth, although he is a liar. Do you know whom you were talking to, these three nights, O Abu Hurayrah' Abu Hurayrah said, `No.' He said, `It was Shaytan.''' [Bukhari and An-Nasa'i]

 

 

 

3. It is cure: This came in the hadith of the bedioun, who complained of his brother's pain to the Prophet (peace be upon him). The Prophet (peace be upon him)  asked him to bring his brother and he (peace be upon him) prayed for him using some verses from the Qur'an amongst which was the verse of the Throne. He was cured as if nothing had happened to him.

 

 

 

4. It is one-fourth of the Qur'an: This has come in different ahadith of the prophet (peace be upon him), in which he (peace be upon him) qualified this verse as one-fourth of the Qur'an.

 

 

 

5. It is among the invocations prescribed after every compulsory salat and for mornings and evenings.






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