His Justice and Equity:
As for justice, he was just in dealing with his Lord the most Exalted and Glorified, just in handling himself, just in treating his wives, and just in dealing with others, whether they were close relatives or distant, companions, friends, and those in harmony with him, or those in disharmony with him even the vainglory enemy enjoyed a portion of his justice and equity (May the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). People would oppose him, and others would wrong him, but he would not walk out on justice. Justice was inseparable from him (May the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) as a resident and while on journey. He hated to be distinguished from his Companions. Rather, he loved justice and equality, and to bear the hardships and difficulties that they bore. Abdullah bin Mas'ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported, "On the day of the Battle of Badr three of us rode on a camel. So Abu Lubabah and Ali bin Abi Talib were the Companions of Allah's Messenger (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). When it was Allah's Messenger's turn, they said, ‘We will walk while you ride.’ Thereupon he said, “None of you is stronger than me, and I am not less in need of reward than either of you."
When Usaid bin Hudwair was cracking jokes with the people and causing them to laugh, the Prophet (May the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) poked him under the ribs with a stick. Usaid said, “You have caused me pain, so allow me to take revenge.” He (May the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said, “Then take revenge.” Usaid said, “You are wearing a shirt and I am not putting on a shirt.” Then the Prophet (May the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) lifted his shirt and Usaid embraced him and began kissing the area between the rib and the loin. He said, “I indeed intended this O Messenger of Allah.”
He (May the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) never allowed the quantified legal punishments of Allah, the Most Exalted and Glorified, to be put out of action in order to establish justice among the people; even if the culprit was one of his relatives or beloved ones. In the incidence of the Makhzumi woman that committed theft, he did not accept the intercession of Usamah and made his popular statement, “O Mankind, the people before you were ruined because when a noble person amongst them committed theft, they would leave him, but if a weak person amongst them committed theft, they would execute the legal punishment on him. By Allah, were Fatimah, the daughter of Muhammad, to commit theft, I would cut off her hand off.”