Prayer Time

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A charter is an agreement (usually written in present day) between two parties to be executed in due form. A closer look at the verses of the Qur'an where the issue of charter are mentioned will reveal the following:

  1. The Qur'an commands the fulfillment of the terms of a charter. The Quran says: “And fulfill [every] commitment i.e charter. Indeed, the commitment is ever [that about which one will be] questioned.” (Q17:V34).
  2. Great emphasis is placed on the charter between Man and his creator such that its fulfillment brings about Allah’s pleasure and its violation necessitates His wrath. The Quran says: “Those who fulfill the covenant of Allah and do not break the contract… they will have the good consequence of [this] home” (Q13:V20-22). The Qur'an also says: “But those who break the covenant of Allah after contracting it and sever that which Allah has ordered to be joined and spread corruption on earth - for them is the curse, and they will have the worst home.” (Q13:V25).
  3. The Qur'an mentioned various charters, some between Man and Allah, some between Allah and His Prophets, some between Allah and the Jews, some between the Prophet Muhammad and his companions and many more.
  4. The Qur'an made references to the charter between man and Allah in numerous verses which include: “And [mention] when your Lord took from the children of Adam - from their loins - their descendants and made them testify of themselves, [saying to them], "Am I not your Lord?" They said, "Yes, we have testified." [This] - lest you should say on the day of Resurrection, "Indeed, we were of this unaware.” (Q7:V172). “And why do you not believe in Allah while the Messenger invites you to believe in your Lord and He has taken your covenant, if you should [truly] be believers?” (Q57:V8) “(Those) who break the covenant of Allah after contracting it and sever that which Allah has ordered to be joined and cause corruption on earth. It is those who are the losers.” (Q2:V27)
  5. The Qur'an also made references to the charter between Allah and His prophets. The Qur'an says: “ And [recall, O People of the Scripture], when Allah took the covenant of the prophets, [saying], "Whatever I give you of the Scripture and wisdom and then there comes to you a messenger confirming what is with you, you [must] believe in him and support him." [Allah] said, "Have you acknowledged and taken upon that My commitment?" They said, "We have acknowledged it." He said, "Then bear witness, and I am with you among the witnesses." (Q3:V81). “And [mention, O Muhammad], when We took from the prophets their covenant and from you and from Noah and Abraham and Moses and Jesus, the son of Mary; and We took from them a solemn covenant.” (Q33:V7).
  6. References are also made in the Quran to the charter between Allah and the children of Israel (the Jews). The Qur'an says: “And [recall] when We took the covenant from the Children of Israel, [enjoining upon them], "Do not worship except Allah; and to parents do good and to relatives, orphans, and the needy. And speak to people good [words] and establish prayer and give zakah." Then you turned away, except a few of you, and you were refusing. And [recall] when We took your covenant, [saying], "Do not shed each other's blood or evict one another from your homes." Then you acknowledged [this] while you were witnessing.” (Q2:V83-84).
  7. “And Allah had already taken a covenant from the Children of Israel, and We delegated from among them twelve leaders. And Allah said, "I am with you. If you establish prayer and give zakah and believe in My messengers and support them and loan Allah a goodly loan, I will surely remove from you your misdeeds and admit you to gardens beneath which rivers flow. But whoever of you disbelieves after that has certainly strayed from the soundness of the way." (Q5:V12). “O Children of Israel, remember My favor which I have bestowed upon you and fulfill My covenant [upon you] that I will fulfill your covenant [from Me], and be afraid of [only] Me.” (Q2:V40).
  8. As for the charter between Prophet Muhammad and his companions, the Qur'an says: “Indeed, those who pledge allegiance to you, [O Muhammad] - they are actually pledging allegiance to Allah. The hand of Allah is over their hands. So he who breaks his word only breaks it to the detriment of himself. And he who fulfills that which he has promised Allah - He will give him a great reward.” (Q48:V10).
  9. Any charter made by man which is not in the disobedience to Allah has to be fulfilled as we can see in the forgoing translations of verses from the noble Qur'an.Islam frowns upon the breach of convenants or charters or treaties and consider this one of the characteristics of hypocrites.





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