Prayer Time

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The Noble Qur’an extensively examines the issue of life after death. In its verses it has pointed out in different manners the principle of resurrection and responded as well to the criticisms of deniers. Others also shed light on the resurrection of the dead and the state of humans in the Hereafter. In this piece, we shall briefly elucidate some methodologies implored by the Qur'an in inferring the occurrence of Resurrection.

1- Citing Life Examples:

 Allah in different areas of the Qur'an used live samples to explain the possibility of resurrection. Some of these verses anchor on how the dry land could be watered to get fertile once more. Allah says:

ﯻ  ﯼ  ﯽ   ﯾ  ﯿ  ﰀ  ﰁ  ﰂ  ﰃ    ﰄ  ﰆ  ﰇ  ﰈ  ﰉ  ﰋ  ﰌ  ﰍ         ﰎ  ﰏ  ﰐ  

Translated as: "Look then at the effect (results) of Allah's Mercy: how He revives the earth after its death. Verily, that (Allah) (Who revived the earth after its death) shall indeed raise the dead (on the Day of resurrection), and He is Able to do all things." (Ar-Rum: 50)

ﭑ  ﭒ  ﭓ  ﭔ  ﭕ  ﭖ  ﭗ  ﭘ  ﭙ  ﭚ   ﭛ  ﭜ  ﭞ  ﭟ  ﭠ  ﭡ  ﭢ  ﭤ      ﭥ  ﭦ          ﭧ   ﭨ  ﭩ 

Translated as: "And among His signs (is this), that you see the earth barren; but when We send down water (rain) to it, it is stirred to life and growth (of vegetations). Verily, He Who gives it life, surely, is Able to give life to the dead (on the Day of Resurrection). Indeed, He is Able to do all things." (Fussilat: 39)


2- Lack of Reasoning for Denying Resurrection:

Various verses declare deniers of resurrection to have no firm and reasonable rationale for their claims. On the one hand, by studying verses that quote the claims of deniers we realize that these people have no weapon other than considering the resurrection of the dead to be improbable. Using various questions, they endeavor to show that the issue of renewed life and return to God is irrational.


ﰋ  ﰌ  ﰍ         ﰎ  ﰏ  ﰐ  ﰑ  ﰒ  ﰓ  ﰔ  

Translated as: " And they say, ‘When we become bones and broken bits shall we really be raised up again in a new creation?’” (Al-Isrā’: 49)


ﯫ  ﯬ  ﯭ  ﯮ  ﯯ     ﯰ  ﯱ   ﯲ  ﯳ  ﯵ  ﯶ  ﯷ  ﯸ  ﯹ     ﯺ 

Translated as:  “And they say, ‘When we disappear into the earth, shall we truly have a new creation?’” (As-Sajdah: 10)


They regard the tenet of resurrection a superstitious myth.


ﮒ  ﮓ    ﮔ  ﮕ  ﮖ  ﮗ  ﮘ  ﮙ    ﮚ  ﮛ        ﮜ  ﮝ  ﮞ  

Translated as: “This has been promised to us and our forebears before; it is nothing but the fantasies of the ancients.” (An-Naml: 68)


On the other hand, many verses state that refutation of resurrection is an untrue and baseless assumption and is not grounded on logical foundations:


ﭫ  ﭬ  ﭭ   ﭮ      ﭯ  ﭰ   ﭱ  ﭲ  ﭳ  ﭴ      ﭵ  ﭶ  ﭸ  ﭹ  ﭺ  ﭻ   ﭼ  ﭾ     ﭿ  ﮀ   ﮁ  ﮂ  ﮃ  ﮄ   ﮅ  ﮆ  ﮇ  ﮈ  ﮉ          ﮊ  ﮋ    ﮌ  ﮍ  ﮎ  ﮏ   ﮐ   ﮑ  ﮒ  ﮓ 

Translated as: “And they say, ‘there is nothing but our worldly lives; we die and we live and nothing but time annihilates us’ and they have no knowledge of this; they merely assume. And when Our clear signs are recited unto them, their only argument is that they say, ‘Bring us our fathers if you speak truly.’" (Al-Jāthiyah: 24-25)


In the first verse, after indicating the claim of the deniers of resurrection, it is lucidly stated that this claim is not based on knowledge, but originates only from speculation and conjecture. In the second verse, it is stated that when faced with rational arguments for the resurrection and Hereafter, deniers attempt to justify themselves with an unfounded rationale. They say, “Raise our ancestors in order that we accept the resurrection.” (Al-Inshiqāq: 14)


3- The Initial Creation of Man:

Pondering over the primary origination of humanity facilitates accepting the Resurrection since God who created humans in the first place is surely capable of reviving them. Allah says:

ﮌ  ﮍ  ﮎ  ﮏ          ﮐ   ﮑ  ﮒ  ﮓ  ﮔ  ﮕ  ﮖ  ﮗ  ﮘ  ﮙ  ﮚ      ﮛ   ﮜ  ﮝ  ﮞ  ﮟ  ﮠ  ﮡ  ﮢ  ﮣ  ﮤ   ﮥ    

Translated as: “O people! If you are in doubt about the Resurrection, hence [know] We have created you from dust then from sperm…” (al-Hajj: 5)


ﭭ   ﭮ  ﭯ ﭰ      ﭱ  ﭲ  ﭳ  ﭴ  ﭵ    


Translated as: “And He is the one who originates Creation then renews it and this is easier for Him.” (Ar-Rum: 27)


4- Stories from Historical Occurrences of Sample Resurrection:

One example of these historical events is the experience of a person who was passing by the ruins of a city and the question crossed his mind as to how God would bring the bodies of the dead back to life. By divine providence, this person dies and is resurrected one hundred years later. Allah says:


ﮛ  ﮜ        ﮝ       ﮞ  ﮟ   ﮠ  ﮡ  ﮢ   ﮣ  ﮤ  ﮥ  ﮦ  ﮧ  ﮨ   ﮩ  ﮪ  ﮬ  ﮭ  ﮮ  ﮯ  ﮰ  ﮱ  ﯔ  ﯕ  ﯖ   ﯘ  ﯙ  ﯚ  ﯛ  ﯜ  ﯝ  ﯟ  ﯠ  ﯡ  ﯢ  ﯣ   ﯤ  ﯥ   ﯦ  ﯧ  ﯨ  ﯩ  ﯫ  ﯬ    ﯭ  ﯮ  ﯯ  ﯰ  ﯲ  ﯳ    ﯴ   ﯵ  ﯶ  ﯷ  ﯸ  ﯹ  ﯻ   ﯼ  ﯽ  ﯾ  ﯿ  ﰀ  ﰁ  ﰂ   ﰃ  ﰄ                 ﰅ   


Translated as: “Or such as he who passed upon a city whose walls and roofs had collapsed and said [to himself], ‘How shall Allah bring this back to life now that it is dead?’ So Allah made him die for a hundred years and then raised him…” (Al-Baqarah: 259)


5- The Unlimited Power of Allah:

God wants us to know and believe in His unlimited powers. If this is really the fact as He always repeatedly claims to us in His divine scriptures, then it is very possible for Resurrection to occur. He says:


ﮜ  ﮝ  ﮞ  ﮟ  ﮠ  ﮡ  ﮢ   ﮣ  ﮤ  ﮥ  ﮦ  ﮧ     ﮨ  ﮩ  ﮪ  ﮫ  ﮭ   ﮮ      ﮯ  ﮰ            ﮱ  ﯓ 

Translated as: “Have they not seen that Allah who created the heavens and earth and was not wearied by creating them is able to revive the dead? Yes indeed; verily, He is capable of all things.” (Al-Ahqaf: 33)


6- Divine Wisdom and Justice:

It is of the divine wisdom to require that the purpose of our creation be realized and that we humans attain our worthy perfection. Complete fulfillment of this purpose is not possible in this world. Therefore, it is necessary that human life endure after death in order to prevent it from being in vain. Allah says to this effect:


ﮮ  ﮯ  ﮰ  ﮱ  ﯓ   ﯔ  ﯕ  ﯖ  ﯗ  ﯘ  ﯙ  ﯚ  ﯛ  ﯝ    ﯞ     ﯟ       ﯠ  ﯡ  ﯢ  ﯣ  ﯤ  ﯥ  ﯦ  ﯧ  ﯨ  ﯩ   ﯪ  ﯫ  ﯬ  ﯭ     ﯮ  ﯯ  ﯰ  ﯱ  ﯲ  ﯴ         ﯵ  ﯶ   ﯷ   ﯸ 


Translated as:  “Did you think that We created you in vain and that you will not be returned to Us? And exalted is Allah, the King, the Righteous…”  (Al-Muminun: 110-117)


This verse reveals the fact that if there is no return to God after death and our existence ends with our passing then our creation would be in vain whereas the judicious God is too great to perform a useless act.

The fact that a complete recompense for all humans is not possible in this world, divine justice requires that God’s court of justice be established in another place or world in which people may again be faced with all their righteous and evil deeds. This world is called the Hereafter.

The Qur'an in various verses indicates the fact that equality of the retribution of the righteous and the wicked is unfair and is something that the intellect cannot accept. Allah says:

ﯬ      ﯭ  ﯮ          ﯯ  ﯰ  ﯱ   ﯲ         ﯳ  ﯴ 

Translates as: "So shall We make those who are submissive [to Allah] as the sinners? What is wrong with you; how [ill] you judge!” (Al-Qalam: 35-36)

ﭤ  ﭥ  ﭦ  ﭧ  ﭨ   ﭩ  ﭪ  ﭫ  ﭬ  ﭭ   ﭮ  ﭯ  ﭰ               ﭱ 

Translated as: “Or must We make those who believe and do good as the corrupt of the world or must We make the pious as the transgressors?” (Sad: 28)

ﯠ  ﯡ  ﯢ  ﯣ  ﯤ  ﯥ  ﯦ  ﯧ              ﯨ  ﯩ  ﯪ  ﯫ  ﯬ  ﯭ  ﯯ   ﯰ  ﯱ  ﯲ  ﯳ  ﯴ  ﯵ  ﯶ  ﯷ   ﯸ  ﯹ          ﯺ  ﯻ  ﯼ  ﯽ  ﯾ  ﯿ

Translated as: “Or do those who commit evil deeds think that We shall make them as those who believe and do righteous deeds; [such that they be] equal in life and death? How ill they judge! While Allah has created the heavens and earth in justice and that each soul is recompensed for what it has earned and they shall not be wronged.” (Al-Jathitah: 21-22)


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