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THE SACRED HOUSE AND ITS POSITION IN THE QUR'AN.

MIT
3/24/2015
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Allah has made Ka'bah   (the Sacred House) a special institution for humanity. The Ka'bah   today, is found in the courtyard of the Masjid al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque) in the holy city of Makkah. Prophet Ibrahim and his son, Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon them), built it according to Allah's command.

The Ka'bah   is a site where people can come together and worship God. God specified that the Ka'bah   would be a clean and safe site where the believers would worship.

 

The careful protection of the Ka'bah   is one of the most important duties of Muslims. Our Lord, Who commanded Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH) to keep the Ka'bah   clean and safe for believers, also made it clear in the Qur'an that only believers are to protect it. In a verse from the Qur'an, God reveals that the true protectors and guardians of the Ka'bah are those who believe.

 

References to the Sacred House in Qur'an

In the Glorious Qur'an, different references to the Sacred House   was made. A careful look at these references depicts the lofty status of the Sacred House. The following are some of the ways the Sacred House   was referred to in the Qur'an.

    

It is the first House established for the worship of Allah. Allah says:

إِنَّ أَوَّلَ بَيْتٍ وُضِعَ لِلنَّاسِ لَلَّذِي بِبَكَّةَ مُبَارَكًا وَهُدًى لِّلْعَالَمِينَ

"The first House   (of worship) appointed for men was that at Bakka: Full of blessing and of guidance for all kinds of beings"(3:96)

 

Its foundation was raised by prophet Ibrahim and his son; Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon all of them). The holy Qur'an declares:

وَإِذْ يَرْفَعُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ الْقَوَاعِدَ مِنَ الْبَيْتِ وَإِسْمَاعِيلُ رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

"And remember Ibrahim and Isma'il raised the foundations of the House   (With this prayer): "Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us: For Thou art the All-Hearing, the All-knowing."

The Ka'bah is the holiest site in Islam, and it is the qibla, the direction Muslims face when praying as mentioned in the Glorious Qur'an:

فَوَلِّ وَجْهَكَ شَطْرَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ ۚ وَحَيْثُ مَا كُنتُمْ فَوَلُّوا وُجُوهَكُمْ شَطْرَهُ ۗ..)))

 

((…Turn then Thy face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque: Wherever ye are, turn your faces in that direction...)

The careful protection of the Ka'bah   is one of the most important duties of Muslims the Qur'an declares:

إِنْ أَوْلِيَاؤُهُ إِلَّا الْمُتَّقُونَ وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

"…No men can be its guardians except the righteous; but most of them do not understand"

 

One of the most important duties of Hajj (pilgrimage) takes place around the Ka'bah. Allah says:

وَإِذْ بَوَّأْنَا لِإِبْرَاهِيمَ مَكَانَ الْبَيْتِ أَن لَّا تُشْرِكْ بِي شَيْئًا وَطَهِّرْ بَيْتِيَ لِلطَّائِفِينَ وَالْقَائِمِينَ وَالرُّكَّعِ السُّجُودِ

وَأَذِّن فِي النَّاسِ بِالْحَجِّ يَأْتُوكَ رِجَالًا وَعَلَىٰ كُلِّ ضَامِرٍ يَأْتِينَ مِن كُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِيقٍ

"Behold! We gave the site, to Ibrahim, of the (Sacred) House, (saying): "Associate not anything (in worship) with Me; and sanctify My House   for those who compass it round, or stand up, or bow, or prostrate themselves (therein in prayer). And proclaim the Pilgrimage among men: they will come to thee on foot and (mounted) on every kind of camel, lean on account of journeys through deep and distant mountain highways;"

 

Other names of the ka'bah as mentioned in the Glorious Qur'an include the following:

1. Al-Bait ul Ateeq - which means, according to one meaning, the earliest and ancient. According to the second meaning, it means independent and liberating. Both meanings can be taken.

2. Al-Masjidul- Haram - the honorable House. All these names were mentioned in the Glorious Qur'an at various places.

 

One thing worthy of note here is that, Makkah where the Sacred House   is built is mentioned one time as Bakka and other times as Makkah. The name Bacca is also mentioned in the Bible depicting its existence even before the Christian era. The Holy Qur'an declares: "Verily, the first House   (of worship) appointed for mankind was that at Bakkah (Makkah), full of blessing, and a guidance for Al-'Alamin (the mankind and jinns)(3:96)

 

The Bible also mentions the valley of Baca in connection with the pilgrimage. Below is the quote from Psalms 84 (NIV)

"As they pass through the Valley of Baca, they make it a place of springs; the autumn rains also cover it with pools."

 

 






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