Prayer Time

  |      |   

The knowledge of Ulum al-Quran, or ‘The Sciences of the Quran’, deals with the knowledge of those sciences that have a direct bearing on the recitation, history, understanding and implementation of the Qur’an. It is, therefore, a vast field of Islamic scholarship, and one that is of primary importance.


With regards to the history of the Qur’an, Ulum al-Quran deals with the stages of revelation of the Quran, the compilation of the Quran, the art and history of writing the Quranic script (rasm al-masahif), and the preservation of the Quran. With regards to its understanding and implementation, Ulum al-Quran covers the causes of revelation (asbab an-nuzul), the knowledge of the Makki and Madani revelations, the knowledge of the various forms (ashruf) it was revealed in, the understanding of its abrogated rulings and verses (nasikh wa al-mansukh}, the knowledge of the various classifications of its verses (muhkam and mutashabih, aam and khas, mutlaq and muqqayad, etc.), the knowledge of the inimitable style of the Quran (i’jaz al-Quran), the knowledge of its interpretation (tafseer), the grammatical analysis of the Quran (‘iraab al-Quran) and the knowledge of those words whose usage has become uncommon over time (gharib al-Quran).


It has been said that the knowledge of Ulum al-Quran is in reality the knowledge that one is required to know in order to properly interpret the Quran. Therefore, to call this branch of Islamic knowledge ‘The Procedure and Methodology of Interpretation’ (‘llm Usul at-Tafseer) instead of Ulum al-Quran would not be far from the truth.


However, Ulum al-Quran also includes topics that deal with the verses reveled to our beloved prophet (peace be upon him) during the day and those revealed at night. These verses shall be mentioned in detail in the following;


Day- Related Verses:

They are the verses revealed to the prophet (peace be upon him) during the daytime. The revelation of many verses of the Quran fall under this category as said by Aishah, prophet's wife (may Allah be pleased with her), with the exception of the few verses whose revelation occurred between the day and night.


Night-Related Verses:

These are the verses revealed upon our noble prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) during the night period. The scholars of science of the Holy Qur'an (may Allah have mercy on them) had mentioned these verses in there various books which someone could be easily looks for them but some of the verse are mentioned in the following paragraphs.


1 . Verse no.1 of the chapter 22 of the Qur'an. It was revealed at the battle of Bani-Mustalaq at the night period. Allah says:


يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ زَلْزَلَةَ السَّاعَةِ شَيْءٌ عَظِيمٌ


O mankind! fear your Lord! for the convulsion of the Hour (of Judgment) will be a thing terrible!


2 .  Verse no.67 of the chapter 5 of the Holy Qur'an.  It was said by the interpreters of the Qur'an that this verse was revealed during night time when  the prophet(peace be upon him) was in some of the battles.  Allah says:


وَاللَّهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ


 " And Allah will defend thee from men (who mean mischief)."


3 .  Verse no 56 of the chapter 28 of the Qur'an. Allah says:


إِنَّكَ لَا تَهْدِي مَنْ أَحْبَبْتَ وَلَٰكِنَّ اللَّهَ يَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُهْتَدِينَ


" It is true thou wilt not be able to guide every one, whom thou lovest; but Allah guides those whom He will and He knows best those who receive guidance." Aishah(may Allah be pleased with her and her father) said: this verse was revealed to the prophet(peace be upon him) when she was in counterpane with the prophet.


4 .  Verse 144 of the chapter1 of the Glorious Qur'an in which Allah says:


قَدْ نَرَىٰ تَقَلُّبَ وَجْهِكَ فِي السَّمَاءِ


 We see the turning of thy face (for guidance to the heavens" "


5 .  The verse of permission of the Muslim women to go out for any necessity need. Allah say:


يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُل لِّأَزْوَاجِكَ وَبَنَاتِكَ وَنِسَاءِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ يُدْنِينَ عَلَيْهِنَّ مِن جَلَابِيبِهِنَّ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ أَدْنَىٰ أَن يُعْرَفْنَ فَلَا يُؤْذَيْنَ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا

O Prophet! Tell thy wives and daughters, and the believing women, that they should cast their outer garments over their persons (when abroad): that is most convenient, that they should be known (as such) and not molested. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Qur'ann33:59


Finally, the aforementioned verses are just a few of the verses whose revelation occurred during the night period. For some who wish to know more about them should check the books that the scholars wrote on the topic like Al-Bur'an fi- Ulumil-Qur'an.


© 2015 - 2016 All rights reserved Islam Message