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Verses Revealed In The Summer And Those Revealed In The Winter

MIT
12/26/2016
213 views

Among the sciences of the glorious Qur’an is the science of knowing the verses revealed during summer and winter seasons. Comprehension of this science of Qur’anic knowledge helps the reader to visualize the situations under which these verses were revealed, as it also helps in derivation of jurisprudential rulings such as the permissibility of doing tayammum when one is junub ( state of impurity from sexual intercourse or wet dream) as narrated by Abu Dawood that ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas said: I had a wet dream on a cold night during the campaign of Dhaat al-Salaasil, and I was afraid that I would die if I did ghusl, so I did tayammum then I led my companions in praying Fajr. They mentioned that to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and he said: “O ‘Amr, you led your companions in prayer when you were junub?” So I told him what had kept me from doing ghusl. I said: “I heard that Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): ‘And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allaah is Most Merciful to you’ [al-Nisa’ 4:29]. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) smiled and did not say anything. “

Verses Revealed in summer

These are verses whose revelation occurred during summer seasons. Examples of some of these verses are as follows:

In Al-Mustadrak, on the authority of Abu Huraiarah (may Allah be pleased with him) a man asked the Messenger of Allah (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) concerning the ruling of al-kalaala (the person who has neither parents nor children). The Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “did you not hear the verse which was revealed in the summer? (Allah says):

يَسْتَفْتُونَكَ قُلِ ٱللَّهُ يُفْتِيكُمْ فِى ٱلْكَلَٰلَةِ ۚ

They ask you for a ruling. Say, "God gives you a ruling concerning the person who has neither parents nor children." (An-Nisaa’ :176)

Also among verses that were revealed in summer are the opening verses of the chapter of Ma’idah:

يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓا۟ أَوْفُوا۟ بِٱلْعُقُودِ ۚ أُحِلَّتْ لَكُم بَهِيمَةُ ٱلْأَنْعَٰمِ إِلَّا مَا يُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْكُمْ غَيْرَ مُحِلِّى ٱلصَّيْدِ وَأَنتُمْ حُرُمٌ ۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَحْكُمُ مَا يُرِيدُ

 O you who believe! Fulfill your commitments. Livestock animals are permitted for you, except those specified to you; but not wild game while you are in pilgrim sanctity. God decrees whatever He wills.(Al-Maa’ida :1)

And also the verse:

ٱلْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِى وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ ٱلْإِسْلَٰمَ دِينًا ۚ

Today I have perfected your religion for you, and have completed My favor upon you, and have approved Islam as a religion for you..” Al-Maa’ida :3).

Among such verses were the verses that were revealed during the Tabuk expedition. The Tabuk expedition occurred when the weather was intensely hot which led to the hypocrites lagging behind in this expedition saying to their cronies:

وَقَالُوا۟ لَا تَنفِرُوا۟ فِى ٱلْحَرِّ ۗ

(And they said, "Do not venture out in the heat.")

In reply to them, Allah said:

قُلْ نَارُ جَهَنَّمَ أَشَدُّ حَرًّا ۚ لَّوْ كَانُوا۟ يَفْقَهُونَ

The Fire of Hell is much hotter, if they only understood." ( Tawba :81)

 

Verses Revealed in Winter 

They refer to verses whose revelation occurred during the winter season. An example of such verses were the verses that were revealed on the incident of ifk ( a slander invented by the hypocrites, against Aisha radi Allahu anha, the most beloved of his wives, and one of his closest companions.) from verse number 11-26 of the chapter of An-Nuur- Qur’an.  Allah says:

إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ جَآءُو بِٱلْإِفْكِ عُصْبَةٌ مِّنكُمْ ۚ لَا تَحْسَبُوهُ شَرًّا لَّكُم ۖ بَلْ هُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ ۚ لِكُلِّ ٱمْرِئٍ مِّنْهُم مَّا ٱكْتَسَبَ مِنَ ٱلْإِثْمِ ۚ وَٱلَّذِى تَوَلَّىٰ كِبْرَهُۥ مِنْهُمْ لَهُۥ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ

Those who perpetrated the slander are a band of you. Do not consider it bad for you, but it is good for you. Each person among them bears his share in the sin. As for him who played the major role-for him is a terrible punishment.” (Q; An-Nuur :11),

In sahih Al-Bukhari, Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) was reported saying that the above verses were revealed in the winter.

Among such verses were also the verses revealed on the Battle of the Trench or Khandaq as this battle occurred during a time of severe cold. Allah says;

يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ ٱذْكُرُوا۟ نِعْمَةَ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ جَآءَتْكُمْ جُنُودٌ فَأَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ رِيحًا وَجُنُودًا لَّمْ تَرَوْهَا ۚ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرًا

O you who believe! Remember God's blessings upon you, when forces came against you, and We sent against them a wind, and forces you did not see. God is Observant of what you do.” (Al-Ahzab : 9)






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