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Recitations transmitted via Ash-Shadh Chain of Transmission

MIT
1/30/2017
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All praise are belong to Allah, and may His peace and blessings be upon His noble messenger, and his households, and his companions.

Recitations transmitted via Ash-Shadh Chain of Transmission refer to any qira’ah with weak chain of narrators in the sense that, it goes back to the Tabi'un only, and not to the companions or the Prophet (peace be upon him). The qira’at that fall in this category are the ones on which serious doubt can be cast.

For a qira’ah to be regarded as authentic and as such accepted and adopted, it has to fulfill certain conditions (shurut). These conditions are three and it  had been stated in our last article.

It is based on these conditions that qira’at are categorized as either sahihah (sound) or shadha (unusual). Any qira’at that fulfils all of the three conditions is regarded as sahihah while any qira’ah in which any of the conditions is missing is regarded as shadha.

Among the Illustrative examples of recitations transmitted through Ash-Shadha chain of transmission mentioned by Islamic scholars of Qur'an such as Al-Imam Suyuti in his famous book(Al-Itqan fi Ulum-il-Qur'an) are as follows:

ملك يوم الدين " "

" Master of the Day of Judgment. " (Qur'an 1: 4) . So, making Master and day past tense, while in the recitations transmitted via uninterrupted chain of transmission( Tawaatur) in the same , master was in present participle , such as follow;

" مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ"

" Master of the Day of Judgment."

Another illustrative example is;

إياك يعبد وإياك يستعين ""

" Thee do they worship, and Thine aid they seek." (Qur'an1:5) , by making the verbs worship(Yu'bad) and seek(Yustaeen) passive, while in the tawaatur recitation, they are in active form, like,

إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ " "

Thee do we worship, and Thine aid we seek.

 






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