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Transmitters of Quranic Recitations

MIT
2/12/2017
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Knowledge of the transmitters of the Glorious Qur’an is one of the important disciplines in the sciences of the Qur’an. It reveals how the holy Qur’an was protected and the efforts exerted by Muslim Scholars throughout the centuries in ensuring the preservation of the Qur’an in its pristine form as was revealed by Allah though the arc-angel Jibreel (Gabriel).

Traditionally, there are 10 recognized and famous transmitters of the Qur’anic recitations (al-Qiraa’aat) with each recitation deriving its name from its transmitter. The chain of this transmission originates primarily from the holy Prophet Muhammad (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), then the sahaaba (the companions of the Prophet Muhammad), and then to their immediate students. The Ten (10) transmitters each has two reporters who narrated their recitations in a sound and authentic chain reaching to their masters. Below shall be a brief outlook on the names of these Transmitters, their recitations as per the two narrators who reported of them as mentioned by Alawi ibn Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Bilfaqih in his Book:” Al-Qira'at al-ʿAshr al-Mutawatira

1. Nafiʿ al-Madanī (of Medinah): Ibn ʿAbd ar-Raḥmān ibn Abī Naʿim, Abū Ruwaym al-Laytī, his origin is from Isfahan (70-169 AH), his recitation and the two reporters are:

a-Qalun: reported Abū Mūsa, ʿIsa ibn Mina al-Zarqī, the slave of Banī Zuhrah (120-220 AH).

b-Warsh: ʿUthmān ibn Saʿīd al-Qutbī, the Egyptian the slave of Quraysh (110-197 AH).

2. Ibn Kathir, Al-Makki: ʿAbdullāh, Abū Maʿbad al-ʿAttar al-Dari, the Persian (45-120AH). his recitation and the two reporters are:

a-Al-Buzzi: Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿAbdillāh, Abū al-Ḥasan al-Buzzi, the Persian (170-250 AH).

b-Qunbul: Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd ar-Raḥmān, the Makhzumi (by loyalty), Abū ʿAmr, the Meccan, known as Qunbul (195-291 AH),

3. Abū ʿAmr ibn al-ʿAlāʾ: Zuban ibn al-ʿAlāʾ al-Tamimi al-Mazini, the Basran (68-154 AH), his recitation and the two reporters are:

a-Ḥafṣ al-Duri: Abū ʿAmr, Ḥafṣ ibn ʿUmar ibn ʿAbd al-ʿAziz al-Baghdādi, the grammarian, the blind. (-246 AH).

b-Al-Susi: Abū Shuʿayb, Saliḥ ibn Ziyad ibn ʿAbdillāh ibn Ismāʿil ibn al-Jarud ar-Riqqi. (-261 AH).

4. Ibn ʿAmir of Damascus: ʿAbdullāh ibn ʿAmir ibn Yazid ibn Tamim ibn Rabiʿah al-Yaḥṣibi (8-118 AH), his recitation and the two reporters are:

a-Hishām: Abū al-Walid, Hishām ibn ʿAmmar ibn Nuṣayr ibn Maysarah al-Salami al-Dimashqi (153-245 AH).

b-Ibn Dhakwān: Abū ʿAmr, ʿAbdullāh ibn Ahmad al-Qurayshi al-Dimashqi. (173-242 AH).

5. ʿAasim, the Kufan: Abū Bakr, ʿAasim ibn Abi al-Najud al-'Asadi (by loyalty) (127 AH), his recitation and the two reporters are:

Shuʿbah: Abū Bakr, Shuʿbah ibn ʿAyyash ibn Salim al-Kufi (i.e., the Kufan) an-Nahshali (by loyalty) (95-193 AH).

Ḥafṣ: Abū ʿAmr, Ḥafṣ ibn Sulayman ibn al-Mughirah ibn Abi Dawud al-Asadi al-Kufi (the Kufan). (90-180 AH).

6. Ḥamzah, the Kufan: Abū ʿImarah, Ḥamzah ibn Ḥabib al-Zayyat al-Taymi by loyalty (80-156 AH), his recitation and the two reporters are:

a-Khalaf: Abū Muḥammad al-Asadi al-Bazzar al-Baghdadi (150-229 AH).

b-Khallad: Abū ʿIsa, Khallad ibn Khalid al-Baghdadi (- 220 AH).

7. Al-Kisa'i, the Kufan: Abū al-Ḥasan, ʿAli ibn Ḥamzah, the Persian, Asadi by loyalty (119 - 189 AH), his recitation and the two reporters are:

a-Al-Layth: Abū al-Ḥarith, al-Layth ibn Khalid al-Baghdadi (- 240 AH).

b-Al-Duri: Ḥafṣ, the transmitter of Abū ʿAmr (see above).

8. Abū Jaʿfar: Yazid ibn al-Qaʿqaʿ al-Makhzumi al-Madani (of Medinah) (- 130 AH), his recitation and the two reporters are:

a-ʿIsa ibn Wirdan: Abū al-Ḥarith al-Madani (of Medinah by style)  (- 160 AH)

b-Ibn Jummaz: Abū ar-Rabiʿ, Sulayman ibn Muslim ibn Jummaz al-Madani (of Medinah) (- 170 AH)

9. Yaʿqub: Abū Muḥammad, Yaʿqub ibn Isḥaq ibn Zayd ibn ʿAbdillāh ibn Abi Isḥaq al-Ḥaḍrami, the Basran, the slave of the Ḥaḍramis (117 - 205 AH), his recitation and the two reporters are:

a-Ruways: Abū ʿAbdillāh, Muḥammad ibn al-Mutawakkil, the Basran (- 238 AH).

b-Rawḥ: Abū al-Ḥasan, Rawḥ ibn ʿAbd al-Muʾmin, the Basran, the Hudhali by loyalty (- 234 AH).

10. Khalaf the 10th: Abū Muḥammad al-Asadi al-Bazzar al-Baghdadi (150-229 AH).The transmitter of Ḥamzah, his recitation and the two reporters are:

a-Isḥaq: Abū Yaʿqub, Isḥaq ibn Ibrahim ibn ʿUthman al-Maruzi al-Baghdadi (- 286 AH).

b-Idris: Abū al-Ḥasan, Idris ibn ʿAbd al-Karim al-Ḥaddad al-Baghdadi (189 - 292 AH).

Source Al-Qira'at al-ʿAshr al-Mutawatir,by ʿAlawi ibn Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Bilfaqih's,  1994, Dar al-Muhajir.)






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