All the praises and thanks be to Allah Alone. Peace and blessings of Allah be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his family and companions.
It was narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) that the intercession of some people will not be accepted on the Day of Resurrection, including those who cursed a great deal.
Muslim narrated that Abu’l-Darda’ said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say, ‘Men accustomed to cursing will not be intercessors or witnesses on the Day of Resurrection.” Related by Muslim.”
Intercession on the Day of Resurrection is of two types:
1 . Intercession which will be accepted. This is intercession which is proven in the texts of Sharee’ah. More details will be given below.
2 . Intercession which will be rejected. This is intercession which according to the texts of the Qur’an and Sunnah is invalid and ineffective.
Accepted intercession is of various types:
1 . The greatest intercession, which is al-maqaam al-mahmood, which the earlier and later generations will ask the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to intercede for them with their Lord so that He might relieve them of the horrors of the Day of Judgement. This has been explained above.
2 . Intercession for those among the monotheists who committed major sins and entered Hell, that they may be brought forth from it. It was narrated that Anas said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “My intercession will be for those among my ummah who committed major sins.” (Saheeh Sunan al-Tirmidhi, 1983).
3 . The intercession of the Messenger for people whose good deeds and bad deeds are equal, that they may enter Paradise, and for others who had been ordered to Hell, that they may not enter it.
4 . Intercession that some people may enter Paradise without being brought to account.
5 . Intercession of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) for his paternal uncle Abu Taalib, so that the torment of the Fire be reduced for him. This applies only in the case of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and his paternal uncle Abu Taalib.
6 . The intercession of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) that the believers might be granted permission to enter Paradise.
Intercession for those who committed sin will not be granted only to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), rather the Prophets, the martyrs, the scholars, the righteous and the angels will also join in that. A man’s righteous deeds may also intercede for him. But the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) will have the greatest share of intercession.
It was narrated that Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri in a long Hadith said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:] “ the Prophets, the angels and the believers will intercede, and the Compeller (Allah) will say, ‘There remains My intercession.’ Then He will take a handful from the Fire and bring forth some people whose bodies have been burnt and throw them into a river at the entrance to Paradise that is called the Water of Life…" This Hadith and others indicate that intercession will be granted to the Prophets and the believers.
With regard to the kind of intercession that will be rejected, this is intercession that does not meet the conditions required such as permission from Allah or His being pleased (with the intercessor or the one for whom intercession is made), such as the intercession of those who are accustomed to cursing.
Finally, Intercession of the Day of Resurrection will only be granted if three conditions are met, as indicated in the verses;
وَكَم مِّن مَّلَكٍ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ لَا تُغْنِي شَفَاعَتُهُمْ شَيْئًا إِلَّا مِن بَعْدِ أَن يَأْذَنَ اللَّهُ لِمَن يَشَاءُ وَيَرْضَىٰ
“And there are many angels in the heavens, whose intercession will avail nothing except after Allaah has given leave for whom He wills and is pleased with”[al-Najm 53:26]
يَوْمَئِذٍ لَّا تَنفَعُ الشَّفَاعَةُ إِلَّا مَنْ أَذِنَ لَهُ الرَّحْمَٰنُ وَرَضِيَ لَهُ قَوْلًا
“On that day no intercession shall avail, except the one for whom the Most Gracious (Allaah) has given permission and whose word is acceptable to Him”[Ta-Ha 20:109]
These conditions are:
1 . The permission of Allah to the intercessor to intercede.
2 . Allah’s being pleased with the intercessor.
3 . His being pleased with the one for whom intercession is made.