All the praises and thanks be to Allah Alone. Prayers and peace of Allah be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his family and companions
The young Muslims of today are facing an ever-increasing number of dilemmas. One of these is drugs addiction and smoking. Drug addiction and smoking is a serious public problem. It affects almost every community in general and Muslim community in particular. Young are especially vulnerable to drug addiction and smoking. Their physical and psychological states of development cause them to be highly susceptible to the ill-effects of drug addiction and smoking not only at the moment of take, but for years to come as well. Moreover, the behavior patterns that result from drug addiction and smoking often result in tragic consequences. The self-degradation, loss of control, and disruptive, antisocial attitudes that young people develop as a result of these acts cause untold harm to themselves and their families.
What does Islam have to say about it? How should Muslims regard drug addiction and smoking? To know this, we must see what the Quran and the Sunnah (prophetic tradition) say regarding intoxicants and narcotics.
Islam dealt with the problem of intoxicants and smoking in an excellent way. The information relating to the prohibition of drug addiction in Islam is to be obtained directly from the words of Allah alone in the Qur'an as well as from the saying of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) in the Hadith.
Allah Almighty states in the Noble Quran:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَالْمَيْسِرُ وَالْأَنصَابُ وَالْأَزْلَامُ رِجْسٌ مِّنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَانِ فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ
"O You who believe! Indeed, intoxicants, gambling, [sacrificing on] stone alters [to other than Allah], and divining arrows are but defilement from the work of Satan, so avoid it that you may be successful." [Quran: 5:90].
Allah Almighty has described using intoxicants, amongst other things, as being appalling, despicable and hateful acts of Satan, and He has commanded us to abstain from them. Allah, thereafter, states in the next verse;
إنما يُرِيدُ الشَّيْطَانُ أَن يُوقِعَ بَيْنَكُمُ الْعَدَاوَةَ وَالْبَغْضَاءَ فِي الْخَمْرِ وَالْمَيْسِرِ وَيَصُدَّكُمْ عَن ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَعَنِ الصَّلَاةِ فَهَلْ أَنتُم مُّنتَهُونَ
"Satan only wants to cause between you animosity and hatred through intoxicants and gambling and to avert you from the remembrance of Allah and from prayer. So will you not desist? [Quran: 5:91]
This Aayah (verse) tells us how it is a detestable act of Satan, because intoxicants, in addition to sowing the seeds of enmity, prevent one from the remembrance of Allah." This verse tells us how it is a detestable act of Satan, because intoxicants apart from sowing the seeds of enmity also stop you from the sole purpose of having been sent to the world, namely the remembrance of Allah.
Ibn 'Umar reported Allah's Messenger as saying, "There are three to whom God has forbidden Paradise; one who is addicted to wine, an undutiful son, and a cuckold who agrees to his women-folk's adultery." [Ahmad and An-Nasa'i].
In another narration, Abu Musa al-Ash'ari reported the Prophet as saying, "There are three who will not enter Paradise: one who is addicted to wine, one who breaks ties of relationship, and one who believes in magic." [Ahmad]
It is narrated that one of the wives of the Prophet Umm Salamah (may Allah be pleased with her) said, "One of my daughters fell ill so I gave her some wine. Soon the Prophet entered with furious eyes saying, 'What is this O Umm Salamah?' I told him that I was curing my daughter. He then said, 'Allah did not make the cure of the illness of Muslims from what is Haram (unlawful).'"
Bear in mind that when the term intoxicant is used it also encompasses narcotics, because they to among other things result in the loss of self-control. Furthermore, tobacco is unwholesome, and God says in the Qur'an that the Prophet, peace be upon him, 'enjoins upon them that which is good and pure, and forbids them that which is unwholesome'". Allah says:
وَأَنفِقُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلَا تُلْقُوا بِأَيْدِيكُمْ إِلَى التَّهْلُكَةِ وَأَحْسِنُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ
“Spend your wealth in the way of Allah and do not put yourselves in jeopardy with your own hands. Do all things gracefully, for Allah likes those who do all things with excellence.” (Q2:195).
In more recent times, as the dangers of tobacco use have been proven beyond any doubt, scholars have become unanimous in pronouncing tobacco use clearly haram (forbidden) to believers. the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “There should be no harming or reciprocating harm.”
From this authentic information, it is clear that smoking and alcohol beverages in all their kinds and forms are unlawful for Muslims to consume or deal with. This includes all types of wines, liquors, fermented beverages, pure alcohol and the like. Besides, there are some drugs which fall under the category of intoxicants. These are opium, bhang, qat (a grass-like type of plant used in Yemen). The Kenyans use a plant of the same species, called marungi marijuana (mostly used in USA).
All such intoxicants are prohibited by Islam since the evils of drug abuse are in many ways much worse than alcoholism. Addicting drugs which produce temporary feelings of euphoria and well-being like opium, morphine, pethadine, heroin, methedrine, benzedrine ("speed") and barbituate abuse ("rockets"), hashish, charas, marijuana (cannabis or "grass"). L.S.D., mescaline and "angel-dust" create delusions and hallicinions and insanity (psychotic states) which may last for months and even years after the drug has been withdrawn. Alcoholism and drug abuse are responsible for many admissions into insane asylums and mental hospitals and may cause permanent psychosis and brain damage. Intoxicants and drug abuse force the victims to indulge in crime and addiction makes it impossible for the "user" to lead a normal life. Intoxicants ruin the "user's" health and may lead to an early death.
The Muslims abstain from alcoholic drinks, intoxicating drugs and swine-flesh and such haram things because Almighty Allah has prohibited these in the Qur'an and Hadith. We abstain from these prohibited things because Almighty Allah has commanded us thus and to ward ourselves from His wrath and eternal punishments by indulging in the haram. Allah knows what is good for us spiritually and morally as well as physically. These are the primary reasons why we abstain from haram: all other reasons are of secondary importance.
From the above , we can clearly see the Islamic view regarding drug addiction and smoking. Islam has described drug addiction and smoking as: -
1. The key to all evils.
2. The head of all errors and lapses.
3. The most terrible of major sins.
4. The mother of all atrocities.
5. The mother of all evils.
6. The most shameful form of wastage of money.
7. The most terrible key to stir enmity and hatred among the community.
8. Drug addiction and smoking are considered to be an abomination.
9. The great handiwork of Satan's part.
Finally we seek refuge in Allah against wine and drugs in general and their sinister evils and against the worship of evil promptings and the Satan.