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Introduction to the Qur'an

The Message of Islam Team
3/6/2009
2602 views

 

 

The Qur'an, the Torah, and the Gospel are Scriptures of God that He sent down to His Messengers (peace be upon them). Gabriel brought down the Qur'an to Muhammad (peace be upon him) bit by bit as circumstances warranted over a period of twenty-three years. The Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, would memorize the verses he received and recite them his companions, ordering them to write the verses down immediately.

 

Muhammad (peace be upon him) himself used to keep a copy of the revealed portions in his house. The Qur'an, the last of God's Scriptures, is divided into 114 surahs (chapters) of unequal length. It is the first of the two fundamental sources of Islamic teachings. God revealed some of the Qur'an's chapters and verses in Makkah, and the rest He revealed in Madinah. The Makkan chapters and verses deal mainly with the issues of creed, the belief in the Oneness of God, the signs of the existence of God, resurrection, life after death, or the Day of Resurrection.

 

The Prophet (peace be upon him) laid great emphasis on the Oneness of God, as did all the Prophets and Messengers of God before him, including Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus (peace be upon them all). The chapters revealed in Madinah dealt with the actions of the individuals and every aspect of life, including forms of worship. 

 

The Prophet (peace be upon him) laid great emphasis on the Oneness of God, as did all the Prophets and Messengers of God before him, including Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus (peace be upon them all). The chapters revealed in Madinah dealt with the actions of the individuals and every aspect of life, including forms of worship.

 

Authenticity of the Qur'an

 

 

 

God says :

 

And this Qur’an is not such as could ever be produced by other than God; rather, it is the confirmation of that which was before it, (i.e., the Torah and the Gospel, etc.) and a full explanation of the Book which is no doubt, from the Lord of the worlds. Or do they say: “He has invented it?” Say: “Then produce a chapter like it, and summon whoever you can [to help you] apart from God, if you are truthful."  (Qur’an 10:38)

 

No nation has ever cared about, revered, and preserved its Divine Scripture as the Muslims have the Qur'an. Unlike the other Divine Scriptures, the Qur'an is not kept in the hands of a particular group of elite Muslims, and for this reason it is not subject to suspicion that it might have been tampered with or altered. Rather, it has always been within the reach of all Muslims.

 

The Prophet (peace be upon him) commanded the Muslims to recite Qur'anic verses in their prayers. God commands the Muslims to refer all their disputes to the Qur'an for final judgment. The Qur'an was compiled in its final form at a time when the first Muslims to commit it to memory were still alive. God has promised to preserve it, and it will be preserved until the Day of Resurrection.

 

The Muslims today read and recite the Qur'anic texts exactly as they were read and recited during the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be on him) and his Companions.

 

The Miraculous Nature of the Qur'an

 

God, the Exalted, has challenged the Arabs and non-Arabs to produce a Qur'an similar to the Divine One. The challenge was reduced to ten chapters, yet they failed to do so. Finally, God challenged them to produce a single chapter comparable to any of His. Although they were the masters of eloquence and rhetoric, they were incapable of taking up the challenge. They realized that the Qur’an could never be from other than God, the Lord of the worlds.

 

The difference between the miracles of the previous Messengers, which proved their veracity, and that of Muhammad (peace be on him) is that theirs took place during the lifetime of each one of them, whereas the miracle of the Qur'an remains effective, everlasting, and challenging until the Day of Resurrection.

 

A noteworthy aspect is that it is well known that the Prophet (peace be upon him) could neither write nor read. Likewise, it was generally recognized that he had no knowledge of the books of the earlier people, nor of their records, or histories. Yet he produced summaries of great and important events of the past such as the stories of the previous Prophets and their peoples.

 

A person who reads the Qur'an objectively will realize that the prophesies it contains are far removed from conjecture or speculation. This is due to the fact that the One who revealed it is the One who pre-decreed all events till the Day of Resurrection.






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