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Scholarly Doctrines Regarding the Scientific Miracles of the Noble Qur'an, and the Correct View

MIT
6/23/2017
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All the lofty praises and glorifications are due and belong to Allah Alone; the Sole creator and fashioner of the universe.  may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon His final Messenger and Prophet; the holy and pure Prophet Muhammad, upon his family and all companions.

The Noble Qur’an is the representation of Allah’s speech and it is entirely His word revealed to Prophet Muhammad through the angel Gabriel (Jibreel) {peace be upon him and our beloved Prophet Muhammad}. It is a book of diverse sciences and provides a therapy for all problems of mankind until the Day the earth shall be inherited by Allah. It is a book of legislature, a book that narrates past historic events and  a book that made indications to many scientific facts not known before the days that witnessed its revelation and hundreds of years after its revelation, with all these overflowing with such glory that it becomes highly impossible to deny its divine origin even by the minds of those who adhere not to it (non-Muslim scholars, historians and scientist.

With the down of the scientific age, an age that gave birth to many scientific discoveries and findings, the world scientific laboratories only woke up to find that many of the scientific discoveries which cost them thousands of dollars if not millions to arrive at are already glaring facts mentioned in the Noble Qur’an fourteen hundred years ago. This attracted the attention of many scientist of the world both Muslims and non-Muslims in a manner that is unprecedented. Many of these non-Muslim scientists accepted the message of the Qur’an and became its adherence with many sincerely admiring its divine origin and scientific miraculousness.

Scholarly views on the scientific miraculousness of the Qur’an:

As science took its long strides in these contemporary times, most of the views on this subject were propounded by contemporary Muslim scholars. There are some scholars who opined that the Qur’an be explained according to or using modern scientific principles due to the many verses in it that deals with scientific issues that are regarded as scientific miracles.

The other groups of Muslim scholars are against this approach of interpreting the Noble Qur’an with modern scientific miracles and opined that scientific theories keep changing and could later be proved wrong. They said that incase these theories are proved wrong, the ignorance of such theories could affect the estimation other people have for the Qur’an. Among these later group of scholars are; Sheikh Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al-Utheimeen (may Allah have mercy on him), His Eminence; Sheikh Abdul-Aziz Ibn Abdullah Ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him), Sheikh Swalah Al-fawzaan (may Allah have mercy on him) and other scholars of the Permanent Committee for Research and Verdicts in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

The preponderant view in this issue is to maintain a middle course between those permitting it and those denying it. The author of the best-selling book: “the unchallengeable miracles of the Qur’an”; Yusuf Al-Hajj Ahmad mentioned this view. He listed some conditions and criteria for dealing with the scientific miracles mentioned in the Qur’an, and they are:

1-the Qur’an is a book of guidance and not a book of science. Allah says:

إِنَّ هَٰذَا ٱلْقُرْءَانَ يَهْدِى لِلَّتِى هِىَ أَقْوَمُ

“This Quran guides to what is most upright;…” (Al-Isra:9)

And that “this guidance comes in different ways and that for those among mankind whose concern is knowledge and science, the Qur’an comes to address their concern.

2-we should not look at theories. We should rather look at realities. Knowledge obtained by study sometimes proves true and sometimes false, while the Qur’an does not prove false.

3-there should not be any negligence or exaggeration in the explanation of the Qur’an….neither should the whole of the Qur’an be explained in the context of a scientific basis. Equally, we should not say that the Qur’an is devoid of science.






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