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Etiquettes of the Learner of the Qur'an with his colleagues and the mosque

MIT
7/17/2017
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All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger. We ask Allah to exalt his mention as well as that of his family and all his companions.

                                                                                         

The Holy Quran is a highly Revered and Sacred Book Allah SWT. It is the final Heavenly Manuscript that was revealed upon the Last Prophet, Muhammad(peace be upon him) over the period of 23 years. It holds distinction in itself from all books of rest of the world in being the written by the Almighty Lord Himself, Who says:

 

إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَزَّلْنَا الذِّكْرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُ لَحَافِظُونَ

" Indeed We have sent down the Reminder, and indeed We will preserve it." Q15:9.

In the above mentioned Ayah, the Creator of the universe says that He is the One, Who is the Sole Author of this great form of Revelation and He will protect it. That is the miracle of the Holy Qur'an that even after 1400 years, there has not been alteration of a single letter or word in this Blessed Volume unlike previous religious books which have changed over the course of time.

Since, Allah SWT is Himself the Architect of these Saintly Instructions, therefore, its learners require adopting a great deal of Etiquettes with his colleagues and the mosque. Among of which are:

 His etiquettes with the Colleagues:

1 . Not showing pride and arrogance : It is so easy to get carried away by whatever we may possess of wealth and the good things of life. It is so easy and common to credit ourselves with our achievements of learning of the holy Qur'an and feel proud of its memorization, and then, as a matter of course, to look down upon others who haven’t been able to make the same effort or reach the status we might have achieved. What makes all this happen is our own ego and the ever opportunistic Satan who knows our vulnerability. And so The One Who cares for our wellbeing the most, Allah the Most Merciful, has warned us against falling into the trap of pride and arrogance. He Says in the Quran:

وَلَا تُصَعِّرْ خَدَّكَ لِلنَّاسِ وَلَا تَمْشِ فِي الْأَرْضِ مَرَحًا إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ كُلَّ مُخْتَالٍ فَخُورٍ

" And turn not your face away from men with pride, nor walk in insolence through the earth. Verily, Allah likes not any arrogant boaster." Q31:18.

2 .  OVERLOOKING MISTAKES: Among the manners of learners of the  holy Qur'an  is overlooking mistakes of their colleagues  and not reprimanding them. So al-Fudayl Ibn ’Iyaad (d.187H) said, ‘Chivalry is to overlook the mistakes of the brothers.’ Ibnul-A’raabee (d.231H) said, ‘Forgetting the harms caused by the brothers, causes you love of them to persist.’ So it is binding upon the Believer, that he avoids seekers of this world, since they will bring him down to the level of seeking it, and this will distance him from his salvation and it will distance him from remaining alert and being aware of it. Rather, he must strive hard in attaining the companionship of the good and the seekers of the Hereafter. Therefore, Dhun-Noon said to the one whom he advised, ‘Accompany the one whom you will be safe from outwardly, and whom - when you see him - it helps you in doing good and reminds you of your Lord.’

 

3 . GIVING SINCERE ADVICE : Having a clean heart with regards to the brothers and advising them, as Allah - the Most High - said,

 

إِلَّا مَنْ أَتَى اللَّهَ بِقَلْبٍ سَلِيمٍ

 “Except he who comes to Allah with a clean heart.’’ [Q 26:89]

One of the pious predecessors have said: ‘One of the best manners of righteousness is having a good heart as regards the brothers and to give them sincere advice.’

 

4 . He should work with his colleagues in improving their knowledge together. He should benefit them with whatever he may have learned, and he should not be too proud to learn from them as well. 
Al-Khalîl b. Ahmad was asked how he came to acquire all the knowledge the he had. He replied: “Whenever I met a scholar, I would take knowledge from him and impart knowledge to him.” 

 

5. Good manners towards the colleagues: The learner of the Glorious Qur'an must have good manners towards his colleagues, for this is the way to success, learning, strength and showing the teaching of the Qur'an. So he must honour, respect and be polite to the colleagues. He must observe the utmost standards of etiquette when he sit with your them and speak with them. 

 

His etiquettes with the Mosque

1 . Dressing in nice clothes that are clean. Allah  says:

 

يَا بَنِي آدَمَ خُذُوا زِينَتَكُمْ عِندَ كُلِّ مَسْجِدٍ وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا وَلَا تُسْرِفُوا إِنَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُسْرِفِينَ"

“O Children of Adam! Wear your beautiful apparel at every time and place of prayer.” (7:31) Imam Sa’di  explains this ayah by saying, “[wear your clothing] meaning cover yourself properly with clothing that is clean and nice. This is beautiful because firstly you are covering your private parts and secondly you are doing so with clothing that is clean and pleasant.”

 

 

2 . Lowering voices while in the mosque and refraining from disturbing those who are praying. Abu Sa’id al-Khurdi (may Allah be pleased with him) reports that the Prophet was making seclusion (i’tikaf) in the mosque and he heard the people reciting aloud. He removed the covering and said: “Verily, each of you is in a private conversation with his Lord so you should not disturb each other. And you are not to raise your voices against each other in the recitation.” (Abu Dawud).

 

3 . The learner of the Qur'an should avoid everything that has an offensive smell like garlic, onion, or smoking. And he should wear clean clothes when he comes to the mosque so that he does not offend any of the angels or Muslims around him with an offensive smell while reading the Qur'an. Imams Bukhari and Muslim reported that the prophet (peace be upon him) said: "Whoever eats garlic, onion, then keeps away from our Masjid because the angels get offended from what offends the children of Adam." Imam Muslim reported that Omar  used to say while he on the Minbar: "I saw the prophet (peace be upon him) when he found their smell (garlic, onion) from a man in the Masjid, he ordered him to be taken out." then Omar said: "If you must eat them, then cook them well.






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