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Eminent Female Companions of Prophet Muhammad-'Atikah bint Zaid

MIT
8/15/2017
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Atika was the daughter of Zaid bin Amr bin Naufal Al-Adawi Al-Qurashi. Zaid was the uncle of the Umar. Her mother was Kurayz bintu Abdillah bin Malik Al-Hadramiyyah. Atika was thus a cousin of Umar. ‘Atikah (radhiya Allah ‘anha) was known to have the complete beauty. She was remarkably beautiful, well-mannered, and very pious. She accepted Islam early on and made Hijrah to Madinah

 

At Madina, Atika was married to Abdullah the son of Abu Bakr. Atika was very beautiful and Abdullah was much enamoured of her. He was so much lost in her love that he failed to participate in the various expeditions undertaken by the Muslims. He even neglected to offer his prayers in the mosque.

 

The love of Abdullah and Atika became proverbial. Abdullah felt that Atika was the most valuable thing in the world. When Abu Bakr came to know that Abdullah had not taken part in the various expeditions and had even neglected his prayers, he put him to explanation. He had no explanation to offer. The matter of fact position was that he was so much overwhelmed by the love of Atika that he could not attend to other duties.

 

Abu Bakr(may Allah have mercy on him) gave vent to anger and told his son in plain words that his failings and shortcomings were too grave to be passed over. Abdullah placed himself at the mercy of his father, and Abu Bakr decreed that Abdullah should divorce Atika within three days.

 

Obeying his father’s command, Abdullah (may Allah have mercy on him) divorced Atikah (may Allah have mercy on her) and again became active in his religious commitments. However, this did not last long, as he missed his beloved wife deeply. Her absence turned him into a poet. He uttered verses in her praise and testified that she was a woman of good habits, wisdom, and high moral character. He admired her truthfulness and her acceptance of the separation.

 

Once, when in the late hours of the night, Abu Bakr (may Allah have mercy on him) had gone to the roof to offer Tahajjud, he heard Abdullah (may Allah have mercy on him) uttering these poetic verses. The man known for his generosity and soft-heartedness felt his son’s pain. He instructed Abdullah that he could reconcile with his wife. Abdullah (may Allah have mercy on him and his father) reconciled with Atikah (may Allah have mercy on her) and freed his slave Aimen as an act of Sadaqah.

One his way to her house, he recited more poetry, praisin Atikah’s (may Allah have mercy on her) beauty, soft speech, and temperament. He complimented that she was among those whose matters were resolved by Allah (swt). And those who have been honoured by Allah (swt) cannot be disgraced.

Abdullah was very particular thereafter to ensure that the love for Atika did not stand in the way of his duty to God. In all the campaigns that were undertaken by the Holy Prophet thereafter, Abdullah took part therein, and fought valiantly. In the battle of Taif, Abdullah was wounded by an arrow that struck him, and later he died of such wounds at Madina.

 

Atika bitterly mourned the death of Abdullah, and in a touching elegy she said:

"Abdullah I have sworn that my eyes

Shall not cease grieving over thee;

And my body shall ever remain,

Covered with dust."

 

Atika resolved that after Abdullah she would not marry any one. She kept her resolve for four or five years. Umar felt for her. He felt distressed that one so young and beautiful should remain a widow. Umar advised her that she should marry. When Umar became the Caliph, he himself offered to marry her. After some hesitation, Atika accepted the proposal.

 

After the consummation of the marriage, when Umar held the marriage feast, Ali congratulated Umar, and sought his permission to talk to the bride. Umar permitted and Ali reminded Atika of her resolve not to marry any one after Abdullah. Thereupon Atika burst into weeping. Umar consolingly said: "Atika do not be grieved. All women do like that. May God bless you. By re-marriage you have conformed to the injunctions of Islam."Of Umar, Atika had a son "Ayaz".

 

Umar (may Allah have mercy on him) and Umm Atikah (may Allah have mercy on her) lived a happy marital life. Her second husband was also pleased with her companionship.

 

After the martyrdom of Umar (may Allah have mercy on him), and  Once she completed her ‘Iddah, the well-known Sahabi Al-Zubair bin Al-Awwam (may Allah have mercy on him) proposed to her, and they were soon wed. Like his predecessors, he was also granted martyrdom in Wadi Al-Siba‘. Finally, the Prophet’s blessed grandson, Al-Husain bin ‘Ali (may Allah have mercy on him), married her until he was given martyrdom in Karbala. 

 

Not only were all of ‘Atikah’s husbands elite companions of the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) but she was honored by Allah that they all died as martyr’s during her marriage to them. She was an extremely devout wife and this caused many of the righteous men to seek her in marriage.

 

It is reported that ‘Abdullah bin ’Umar said, ‘Whoever wants to acquire martyrdom, let him marry ‘Atikah bint Zaid’.

 

May Allah have mercy on her.






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