Prayer Time

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Islam is a religion of mercy, equality, freedom, dignity, justice, and solidarity. It promotes every good, forbids every evil,  and calls for good treatment towards all people, Muslims or non-Muslims, men or women.  Allah himself is referred to with many names, including the Merciful, the Compassionate, and the Just. The Prophet Mohammad(peace be upon him) was described in the Quran as being a mercy due to the message he brought for humanity:

{وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ إِلَّا رَحْمَةً لِّلْعَالَمِينَ} (الأنبياء: 107).

{And We have not sent you but as a mercy to all the worlds} (Qur’an 21:107).

The Shari'ah has prescribed rights for Non-Muslims which must be respected by everyone, these rights include:

1- The right to fair treatment in all its forms:

Islam is a religion of justice and tolerance among human beings, regardless of their religions, colors, or home countries. It teaches us to treat all people with justice, equality, righteousness and kindness. It is also important to mention that good treatment is one of the main reasons that may urge non-Muslims  to convert to Islam. It was narrated in the Hadith of Abdullah bin 'Amr that the Messenger of Allah(peace be upon him) said:

[الرَّاحِمُونَ يَرْحَمُهُمُ الرَّحْمَنُ ارْحَمُوا أَهْلَ الأَرْضِ يَرْحَمْكُمْ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاءِ].

[The Compassionate(Allah), is always merciful to those who are merciful. Show mercy to those who are on the earth, He Who is in the heavens will show mercy to you] (Sunan Abi Dawud 4941).


2- The right to freedom of belief:

Islam does not force people to embrace it. rather, it leaves them with the option to decide whether to embrace it or not; Allah Almighty said:

{لَا إِكْرَاهَ فِي الدِّينِ ۖ قَد تَّبَيَّنَ الرُّشْدُ مِنَ الْغَيِّ} (البقرة:256).

Translation of the meaning: { There shall be no compulsion in [acceptance of] the religion. The right course has become clear from the wrong.} (Qur’an 2:256).


3- The right to protection and security:

This includes security of life, property, honor, and dignity. Islam forbids oppression or abuse to them in any form as stated by the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) he said:

[أَلاَ مَنْ ظَلَمَ مُعَاهِدًا أَوِ انْتَقَصَهُ أَوْ كَلَّفَهُ فَوْقَ طَاقَتِهِ أَوْ أَخَذَ مِنْهُ شَيْئًا بِغَيْرِ طِيبِ نَفْسٍ فَأَنَا حَجِيجُهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ].

[Beware, if anyone wrongs a person under treaty, or diminishes his right, or forces him to work beyond his capacity, or takes from him anything without his consent, I shall be his opponent on the Day of Judgment] (Sunan Abi Dawud, 3052).

He also said:

[مَنْ قَتَلَ مُعَاهِدًا فِي غَيْرِ كُنْهِهِ حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ الْجَنَّةَ].

[If anyone kills a man whom he grants protection prematurely, Allah will forbid him from entering Paradise] (Sunan Abi Dawud, 2760).

Finally, we should not forget that the essence of the Islamic principles in dealing with non-Muslims is to show justice and mercy of Islam  through fulfilling their rights. It is an important means to call to Islam. In the past, most parts of Asia and Africa converted to Islam in the hands of Muslim traders without the use of swords, but only the good morals which Islam taught us. May Allah help us maintain and apply the true teachings of Islam and pass it to the world.

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