Prayer Time

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In the name of Allah the Most Gracious the Most Merciful. May the peace an blessings of Allah be upon our beloved prophet Mohamed, his household, his companions and all those who followed their path till the day of judgment. To proceed;

There is no doubt that the society and community of any set of people must adjust in its units according to the approach established for it. This approach may be derived from the inherent instinct(nature) in individuals but It may not be noticed. Islam been a Religion of instinct(nature), pays a great attention to the instinct(nature) in all its systems and directed people towards the good part of this instinct(nature), and forbade the wrong part of it. The Qur’an and the tradition of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) pointed out this fact clearly. Allah says in the Qur’an:

{فَأَقِمْ وَجْهَكَ لِلدِّينِ حَنِيفًا ۚ فِطْرَتَ اللَّهِ الَّتِي فَطَرَ النَّاسَ عَلَيْهَا ۚ لَا تَبْدِيلَ لِخَلْقِ اللَّهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ} (الروم: 30).

{So direct your face toward the religion, inclining to truth. [Adhere to] the fitrah(nature) of Allah upon which He has created [all] people. No change should there be in the creation of Allah. That is the correct religion, but most of the people do not know} (Qur’an 30:30).

Abu Huraira reported that Allah's Messenger (may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

["مَا مِنْ مَوْلُودٍ إِلاَّ يُولَدُ عَلَى الْفِطْرَةِ ‏"‏‏.‏ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ اقْرَءُوا {‏فِطْرَةَ اللَّهِ الَّتِي فَطَرَ النَّاسَ عَلَيْهَا لاَ تَبْدِيلَ لِخَلْقِ اللَّهِ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ‏}‏].

[No child is born but upon Fitra(nature). He then said. Recite: {The nature made by Allah in which He created man, there is no altering of Allah's nature; that is the right religion} (Qur’an 30:30)]. (Sahih Muslim Book 46, Hadith 36).

So if we take a look at the society of our time, we will find out that its units consists of:

1-The Family. 2- Farmers. 3- Business Dealers. 4- School. 5- Worship. 6- Seasons and Festivals. 7- Jobs. 8- Mutual gatherings: such as friends, marriages, travelling, funerals and so on.  9- The Army(force). 10- The Government and people.

These components and more make up the society and community. Islam has established specific systems and approaches for each and every component better than any other systems and approach one can imagine. Through which we can see how gathering is manifested in them and the pivotal role it plays in the society through these components.  

In the coming paragraphs we will throw light briefly on how gathering is manifested in the community through the above mentioned components.

1/ The Family: This is the main source of gathering and the origin of all. Every member of the family has duties, the husband has duties, the wife has duties, both of the as parents has duties towards their children, as well as the children towards their parents. And the relatives when included to the family have their duties towards each other, and these duties are not specific for certain times, type or categories, instead they are general from all angles. They also vary in respect to the Islamic point of view. They may be compulsory, called for(needed), forbidden, disliked or permissible.

For instance: Islam determines the ways and approach of Marriage, the expenditures of the husband, the obedience of the wife and home trainings and behaviors, how to bring up and nurture the children, how to name them and all other issues connected to them.

In this light, Islam encourages families to have mutual understanding, love and care; by sitting and eating together, discussing matters related to them, finding solutions to their problems collectively and working together for the betterment of the family and the community as a whole. In this kind of home, peace, love, care and common understanding and interest are completely manifested, therefore showing the important role the family has in the society.

The prophet (peace be upon him) when addressing issues related to families, he said:  

[خيركم خيركم لأهله وأنا خيركم لأهلي].

[The best of you are those who are best to their wives, and I am the best of you to my wives]. (Narrated and classed as hasan by al-Tirmidhi, 3895). 

Islam gives fathers and mothers a great deal of responsibilities for raising their children. It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Umar heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) saying:

[كلكم راع ومسؤول عن رعيته, فالإمام راع وهو مسؤول عن رعيته, والرجل في أهله راع وهو مسؤول عن رعيته, والمرأة في بيت زوجها راعية وهي مسؤولة عن رعيتها, والخادم في مال سيده راع وهو مسؤول عن رعيته]. قال: "فسمعت هؤلاء من رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم".

[Each of you has responsibilities and is questionable for his responsibilities. The leader has responsibilities and is questionable for his responsibilities. The man is responsible for his family and he is questionable for his responsibilities. The woman is responsible for her husband’s household and is questionable for her responsibilities. The servant is responsible for his master’s wealth and is questionable for his responsibilities]. He said: "I heard this from the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)". (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 853; Muslim, 1829).

Islam paid a great deal of attention to instill the principles of respect for fathers and mothers, taking care of them and obeying their commands until death. Allah says:

{وَقَضَى رَبُّكَ أَلَّا تَعْبُدُوا إِلَّا إِيَّاهُ وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ إِحْسَانًا إِمَّا يَبْلُغَنَّ عِندَكَ الْكِبَرَ أَحَدُهُمَا أَوْ كِلَاهُمَا فَلَا تَقُل لَّهُمَا أُفٍّ وَلَا تَنْهَرْهُمَا وَقُل لَّهُمَا قَوْلًا كَرِيمًا}.

{And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but address them in terms of honour} (Qur'an17:23).

Islam protects the honor, chastity, purity and lineage of the family, so it encourages marriage and forbids free mixing of men and women. 

Islam gives each family member an important role to play. So fathers and mothers can take good care of their children and give them an Islamic upbringing; children are to listen and obey, and respect the rights of their fathers and mothers, on the basis of love and respect. So, the Family is the first main source of gathering which as a result bring about the strength of family ties among the Muslims.

This is contrary to the life and families of non-Muslims, as seen clearly in the world today.

 

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