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Sunnahs and Etiquettes of Eid.

Praise be to Allah.  The days of the two Eids are singled out for some acts of worship, special etiquettes, and Sunnahs inherited from the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his Companions,  including the following:

1 – Performing ghusl (i.e. a ritual bath) before going out for the prayer:

It is recommended to perform a ritual bath (ghusl) before heading to the Eid prayer. Nafi’ reported:

"عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ كَانَ يَغْتَسِلُ يَوْمَ الْفِطْرِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَغْدُوَ إِلَى الْمُصَلَّى".

 "Abdullah ibn Umar used to perform a ritual bath on Eid Al-Fitr before he would go out to the mosque". (Al-Muwaṭṭa 428).

2 – Eating before going out to pray Eid Al-Fitr:

It is desirable to eat before going out to pray the Eid Al-Fitr to emphasize the fact that it is forbidden to fast on that day and to demonstrate that the fast has ended.

The Sunnah is to eat some dates;  Anas bin Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) said:

[كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ لا يَغْدُو يَوْمَ الْفِطْرِ حَتَّى يَأْكُلَ تَمَرَاتٍ .. وَيَأْكُلُهُنَّ وِتْرًا] .

[The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) used not to go out on the morning of Eid al-Fitr until he had eaten some dates… of which he would eat an odd number] (Al-Bukhari, 953).

3 – Saying the Takbeer:

This is one of the most emphasized Sunnahs on the day of Eid; Allah Almighty says in the Qur’an:

{وَلِتُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُوا اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ مَا هَدَاكُمْ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ} (البقرة:185).

{And He wants you to complete the period of fasting and to exalt Allah for that to which He has guided you, for perhaps you will be grateful}(Qur’an 2:185).

The time for takbeer on Eid al-Fitr starts from the night before Eid until the imam enters to lead the Eid prayer.

The description of the takbeer is as follows:

"اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَلِلَّهِ الْحَمْدُ"

"Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, la ilaha illa Allah, Allahu akbar, Allah akbar, wa Lillahil-hamd".

Translation: Allah is the Most Great, Allah is the Most Great, there is no god but Allah, Allah is the Most Great, Allah is the Most Great, and all praise belong to Allah).

4- Attending the Eid prayer:

It is recommended for men, women, and children to attend the Eid prayer, even the menstruating women,  unless they have a good excuse.

Umm Atiyya (may Allah be pleased with her) reported:

[كُنَّا نُؤْمَرُ أَنْ نَخْرُجَ يَوْمَ الْعِيدِ حَتَّى نُخْرِجَ الْبِكْرَ مِنْ خِدْرِهَا حَتَّى نُخْرِجَ الْحُيَّضَ فَيَكُنَّ خَلْفَ النَّاسِ فَيُكَبِّرْنَ بِتَكْبِيرِهِمْ وَيَدْعُونَ بِدُعَائِهِمْ يَرْجُونَ بَرَكَةَ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ وَطُهْرَتَهُ].

[We were ordered to come out on the day of Eid, even the young girls and menstruating women from their houses, so that we would stand behind the men and declare the greatness of Allah along with them and supplicate to Allah along with them, hoping for the blessings of that day and its purification from sin] (Sahih Al-Bukhari 928).

5 – Exchanging congratulations:

It was narrated that Jubayr ibn Nufayr said:

"كَانَ أَصْحَابُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِذَا اِلْتَقَوْا يَوْمَ الْعِيدِ يَقُولُ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ: تَقَبَّلَ اللَّهُ مِنَّا وَمِنْك".

“When the companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) met one another on the day of Eid, they would say to one another, ‘May Allah accept (good deeds) from us and you’". (Ibn Hajar said, its isnad is hasan. Al-Fath, 2/446).

6 – Wearing the best clothes for attending the Eid prayer:

It was narrated that Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) said:

[كان للنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم جبة يلبسها للعيدين ويوم الجمعة].

[The Prophet (peace be upon him) had a cloak which he would wear on the two Eids and on Fridays] (Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah, 1756).

7 – Going to the prayer by one route and returning by another:

It was narrated that Jabir ibn Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) said:

[كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ عِيدٍ خَالَفَ الطَّرِيقَ].

[On the day of Eid, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to vary his route] (Sahih Al-Bukhari, 986).

Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar (may Allah have mercy on him) said concerning the ruling on that:

"It was said that the wisdom behind that was so that he might visit his relatives, both living and dead; and it was also said that it was in order to uphold ties of kinship".(Fat'h Al-Bari, 2/473).

We ask Allah, may He be exalted, to accept from us our righteous deeds.

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