Prayer Time

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The Surah (chapter) takes its name from the word al-`asr occurring in the first verse. This Surah is a matchless specimen of comprehensiveness and brevity. A whole world of meaning has been compressed into its few brief words, which is too vast in content to be fully expressed even in a book. In it, in a clear and plain way it has been stated what is the way to true success for man and what is the way to ruin and destruction for him. Imam Shafe has very rightly said that if the people only considered this Surah well, it alone would suffice them for their guidance. How important this Surah was in the sight of the Companions can be judged from the tradition cited from Hadrat Abdullah bin Hisn ad-Darimi Abu Madinah, according to which whenever any two of them met they would not part company until they had recited Surah Al-Asr to each other. (Tabarani)




(103:1) I swear by time,

(103:2) everyone is wasting their time,

(103:3) except those who believe, do good deeds, and encourage each other to be truthful and encourage each other to be patient.




Verse 2: This verse could be understood broadly because it is worded, “everyone is a loser…” or “everyone is in a state of loss…” However, a narrower understanding regarding the loss of time is presented because in the first verse God is swearing by time. Swearing by something, for God, is a way of expressing how important it is. Then it is appropriate to understand the second verse as a continuation of this theme. It is as if the chapter is saying that, as important time is, everyone is wasting it except for the people mentioned in verse 3. 




Verse 3: Truthful in this context includes believing the truth, speaking the truth, and following the truth.












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