Prayer Time

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This is the 110th Chapter of the glorious Qur'an and one of the shortest. According to Abdullah bin Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both), this Surah (Chapter) was revealed on the occasion of the Farewell Pilgrimage in the middle of the Ayyam al-Tashriq (the 11th, 12th and 13th days of Dhul-Hijjah; the last month of the Islamic calendar) at Mina, and after it the Holy Prophet rode his she camel and gave his famous Sermon. (Tirmidhi, Bazzar, Baihaqi, Ibn Abi Shaibah, Abd bin Humaid, Abn Yala, Ibn Marduyah).




According to the narrations of biographers, there was an interval of about three months and some days between the revelation of Surah An-Nasr (the Chapter of Victory  or Help) and the Holy Prophet's death (peace be upon him), for historically the same was the interval between the Farewell Pilgrimage and the passing away of the Holy Prophet.




Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them) says that when this Chapter was revealed, the Holy Prophet said that he had been informed of his death and his time to depart from this world had approached. (Musnad Ahmad, Ibn Jarir, Ibn al-Mundhir, Ibn Marduyah).




The Theme and Subject Matter of this chapter can be summed up in the following can be seen and deduced from the above traditions. Allah in this chapter had informed His Messenger (peace be upon him) that when Islam attained complete victory in Arabia and the people started entering into the fold of Allah's religion in great numbers, it would mean that the mission for which he had been sent to the world, had been fulfilled. Then, he was enjoined to busy himself in giving praise and glorifications to Allah by Whose bounty he had been able to accomplish such a great task, and should implore Him to forgive whatever shortcomings, failings and frailties he might have shown in the performance of the service. Here, by a little consideration one can easily see the great difference that there is between a Prophet and a common worldly leader. If a worldly leader in his own lifetime is able to bring about a revolution, which has the aim and objective of his struggle, this would be an occasion for exultation for him. But here we witness quite another phenomenon.




The Messenger of Allah in a brief space of 23 years revolutionized an entire nation as regards its beliefs, thoughts, customs, morals, civilization, ways of living, economy, politics and fighting ability, and raising it from ignorance and barbarism enabled it to conquer the world and become leader of nations; yet when he had accomplished this unique task, he was not enjoined to celebrate it but to glorify and praise Allah and to pray for His forgiveness, and he busied himself humbly the implementation of that command.




Aishah may Allah be pleased with her says: "The Holy Messenger (upon whom be peace) often used to recite Subhanak-Allahumma wa bi-hamdika astaghfiruka wa atubu ilaika (according to some other traditions,Subhan Allahi wa bi hamdi-hi as- taghfirullaha wa atubu ilaihi) before his death. I asked: O Messenger of Allah, what are these words that you have started reciting now? He replied: A sign has been appointed for me so that when I see it, I should recite these words, and it is: Idha jaa nasrullahi wal-fathu." (Musnad Ahmad, Muslim, Ibn Jarir, lbn al-Mundhir, Ibn Marduyah).




And according to the narration of Abdullah bin Masud (may Allah be pleased with him), corroborating the above tradition, he said when this Surah (Chapter) was revealed, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) frequently began to recite the words Subhanak-Allahumma wa bi-hamdika, Allahumm-aghfirli, subhanaka Rabbana wa bi-hamdika, Allahumm-aghfirli, innaka anta at- Tawwab al-Ghafur. (Ibn Jarir, Musnad Ahmad, Ibn Abi Hatim). Meaning, "Glorified you are O my God, and by Your praise! O Allah forgive me for You are the Ever Accepter of repentance, Most Forgiving". The Prophet peace be upon him was practically carrying out the instructions given by Allah in the last verse of the chapter.




The Text of the Chapter:


1- When the help of Allah comes and the victory.


2- And you see people entering Allah’s religion in multitudes.


3- So, glorify the praises of your Lord and ask His forgiveness; verily He is the one who accepts repentance.




Commentary on verse one:


This chapter was to inform the Companions of the impending demise of the Prophet of Allah (peace be upon him). Though there were other verses of other chapters revealed afterwards, this was the last complete Chapter of the Qur’an to be revealed.




This specific verse refers to the conquest of Mecca by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Prior to this victory, many of the Arab tribes resisted joining with the Prophet (peace be upon him). They wanted to see who would emerge victorious between him and the Quraish.




They reasoned that if the Quraish were victorious, then Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was not really a prophet. But if he was victorious, they reasoned, then he must really be a Messenger of Allah.




Commentary on verse two:


With the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) victory over Mecca, the Arab tribes flocked to Islam in droves. They had been holding out for many reasons. But with this victory, these obstacles disappeared.




Soon, the entire Arabian Peninsula had accepted Islam. His victory was proof that he was truly a Messenger of Allah.




Commentary on verse three:


This verse is a command from Allah to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to increase his worship and glorification of Allah. This verse clearly indicates that the Prophet’s death was near.




Here are some of the things the Prophet of Allah used to say when he prayed:


I glorify You our Lord, and all thanks and praises be to You, O Allah.”


Glory to Allah, and all praises and thanks be to Him. I ask Allah’s forgiveness and I repent to Him.”


These words clearly indicate that the Prophet’s mission was coming to an end.


You should ponder over this final verse. Allah ordered His Messenger (peace be upon him) to:


Glorify Him.


Praise Him.


Seek His forgiveness.


Then Allah reminds us that He is accepting of all forgiveness.


If such a reminder was given to the Prophet of Allah (peace be upon him), what about us?


How much are you and I in need of Allah’s forgiveness? How much more should we glorify and praise Him before our deaths?


We should reflect on this chapter everyday as a reminder to increase our worship and ALWAYS seek Allah’s mercy and to continuously turn to Him in repentance.


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