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Islam is the predominant religion in Senegal. 95% of the country's population is estimated to be Muslim. Senegal Muslim population is a home for sectarian pluralism with the sunni Muslims with sufi affiliations.  Sufism is represented in Senegal by the following brotherhoods: Tijanism, Mouridism, Qadiriyya, and Layenism. More recently, the NabyAllah movement has emerged and constructed the Mosque of the Divinity in Ouakam. There are also the Ahlus-Sunna wal-Jamaa’ who represent the scholarly group of Senegali Sunni Muslims with an indepth adherence to the pure and pristine teachings of Prophet Muhammad (May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). This later sect forms the scholarly class with many adherents being graduates of excellent centers of Islamic sciences such as the Islamic University of Madina-Saudi Arabia, Azhar University of Cairo and many others.


Lately with the effort of Iran in collaboration with some diasporan citizens of the Lebanese Shia community of Senegal, shism is also gaining some grounds in this West African country.


The Sunni-Non-Sunni relations in Senegal does not differ much from what it is in other West African countries where circularism reigns prime as a political order and system. The Sunni relation to sects like the Shia and Ahmadi sects who have many deviations seems not to reach the level of religious strife, unlike in Nigeria and other places of Middle East. The relations are cordial with each making efforts to educate the populace about their ideals and creedal authenticity.


With regards to the Sunni Muslims of Sufi affiliation and the orthodox Muslims known as the Ahlus-Sunna wal-Jamaa’, the relation is sometimes characterized with verbal denunciation of each to the other sect, due to many bid ’a (innovation) practices of the Sufis. Hence, the later who unwaveringly seeks to follow strictly the tradition of the Prophet (May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), they describe them of doing acts of shirk (ascribing partners to Allah). However, as earlier mentioned, this difference does not escalate to the point of physical confrontations.


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