Prayer Time

Islam Is Both A Verb & A Noun

3/26/2018 12:00:00 AM   |      |   

Firstly: The meanings of "ISLAM" As a Verb (Action):

* Surrender: This is understood from a verse in the Holy Qur'an where Allah says:

{إِنَّ الدِّينَ عِندَ اللَّهِ الْإِسْلَامُ}.

 {Surely the (true) religion in the sight of Allah is Islam}. (Qur'an 3:19).

This submission requires a fully conscious and willing effort to submit to the one Almighty God.

* Submission: Allah says:

{فَلَا وَرَبِّكَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ حَتَّى يُحَكِّمُوكَ فِيمَا شَجَرَ بَيْنَهُمْ ثُمَّ لَا يَجِدُوا فِي أَنفُسِهِمْ حَرَجًا مِّمَّا قَضَيْتَ وَيُسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا}.

{But no, by your Lord, they will not [truly] believe until they make you, [O Muhammad], judge concerning that over which they dispute among themselves and then find within themselves no discomfort from what you have judged and submit in [full, willing] submission}. (Qur'an 4:65).

Total submission is required after surrendering and some terms have been set forth by Allah to be understood by the Muslim, without having any option in the matter, as Allah says in another verse:

{وَمَا كَانَ لِمُؤْمِنٍ وَلَا مُؤْمِنَةٍ إِذَا قَضَى اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَمْرًا أَن يَكُونَ لَهُمُ الْخِيَرَةُ مِنْ

 أَمْرِهِمْ وَمَن يَعْصِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَالًا مُّبِينًا}.

{It is not for a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter, that they should [thereafter] have any choice about their affair. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly strayed into clear error}. (Qur'an 33:36).

Whatever Allah and His Messenger have set out to be the Way of Islam becomes incumbent on the believers, man or woman to follow completely. One must consciously and conscientiously give oneself to the service of Allah.

* Obedience: Allah says:

{وَأَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ...}.

{And obey Allah and His Messenger..}. (Qur'an 3:132). He also says:

{يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنكُمْ فَإِن تَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ إِن كُنتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ ذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَحْسَنُ تَأْوِيلًا}.

{O you who have believed, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you should believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is the best [way] and best in result}. (Qur'an 4:59).

This means to act on what Allah enjoins all of us to do (in the Qur'an) and what His beloved Prophet, Muhammad (peace be upon him) encouraged us to do in his Sunnah (his lifestyle and sayings personifying the Qur'an).

After surrendering your free will to Allah and then ratifying the terms and conditions of the surrender, it is obligatory for the Muslim to live up to his terms of the bargain. It is his or her responsibility to do their best to obey the orders of Allah set forth in the Holy Qur'an and the teachings of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him).

* Sincerity & Purity of Intention: The heart must be clean and honest. Allah is Pure and He only accepts that which is pure. The prophet (peace be upon him) said in the Hadith reported by Umar Ibn Al-Khatab:

[إِنَّمَا الأَعْمَالُ بِالنِّيَّاتِ، وَإِنَّمَا لِكُلِّ امْرِئٍ مَا نَوَى].

[Verily, deeds are rewarded by their intentions. And everyone will have the reward for that which he has intended]. (Recorded by Al-Bukhari1/6).

Sincere intention is the key to the success or failure of the Muslim. All that he or she does must be for the sake of Allah and not for the chance to show off or call attention to himself or herself. If there is even a speck of pride or showing off for the people instead of doing it for Allah, then the whole matter will be rejected by Allah on the Day of Judgment. This is due to the fact that Allah wants purity of intentions and purity in deeds.

* Peace, between you & Allah: "Peace" is mentioned 58 times in the Holy Qur'an and it is certainly the most sought after condition for the life of every human on earth.

"Peace" is also one of the attributes which Allah has named Himself in the Holy Qur'an:

{هُوَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْمَلِكُ الْقُدُّوسُ السَّلَامُ الْمُؤْمِنُ الْمُهَيْمِنُ الْعَزِيزُ الْجَبَّارُ الْمُتَكَبِّرُ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ}.

{He is Allah beside Whom there is none worthy of worship, The King, The Holy, The Peace, The Watcher, The All Mighty, The Compeller, The Supreme. Glory be to Allah! He is above all that they try to associate with Him as partners}. (Qur'an 59:23). 

We are all striving to achieve some sort of peace and tranquility in our lives. And providing that the other four conditions have been met, then this is the inevitable result of the one who is truly seeking Allah.

So as soon as he or she has totally surrendered, submitted to and obeyed Allah, in complete sincerity, as a result has achieved total and complete peace in this life and in the next.

It does not imply that they will not be tested however. And this must be quickly understood. The one whom Allah loves, He tests. The person who will be successful in this life and the Next Life will be tested as Allah has said:

{أَحَسِبَ النَّاسُ أَن يُتْرَكُوا أَن يَقُولُوا آمَنَّا وَهُمْ لَا يُفْتَنُونَ * وَلَقَدْ فَتَنَّا الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ فَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ صَدَقُوا وَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ الْكَاذِبِينَ}.

{Do the people think that they will be left to say, "We believe" and they will not be tried? * But We have certainly tried those before them, and Allah will surely make evident of those who are truthful, and He will surely make evident of the liars}. (Qur'an 29:2-3).

Once we humble ourselves, rid ourselves of our egoism and submit totally to Allah, and to Him exclusively, in faith and in action, we will surely feel peace in our hearts. Establishing peace in our hearts will bring about peace in our external conduct as well.

Secondly: The meanings of "ISLAM" As a Noun:

Muslims must believe in the six articles of faith. Which are: To believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Prophets, Judgment Day and in Predestination.

* Allah: Believe that God Almighty is One, Unique, Unlike His Creations, and Perfect in every way.

* Angels: They are created from light, follow Allah's orders perfectly, never make mistakes and are never disobedient. (the devil is not a fallen angel in Islam).

* Books: These are the books sent by Allah to mankind for guidance through his prophets. These are: The Torah (Old Testament), the Suhoof (Scriptures of prophets), the Zabur (Psalms), the Enjil (Evangel or New Testament), and the Quran (Revelation to Muhammad, peace be upon him).

* Prophets: Such as Adam, Noah, Abraham, Jacob, Moses, David, Solomon, Jesus, Muhammad, and others mentioned in the Books, (peace be upon them all).

* Resurrection: All people, believers and disbelievers will be resurrected on Judgment Day in real flesh and blood bodies to be judged.

* Divine Destiny: Allah has complete control of all that happens, both good and evil and He has full knowledge of it all.

The Muslim must practice the five articles of Islam known as the Pillars of Islam. These are:

* The Shahadah: Declare the Belief That Allah is ONE and Muhammad (peace be upon him)is His Last Messenger

* Salat: Observing of five daily "salat" - The special form of worship of standing, bowing, prostrating to Allah while facing Mecca.

* Fasting: Fast the Month of Ramadan – Abstaining from eating or drinking and anything that may nullify the fast during the days of the month of Ramadhan (Lunar calander).

* Almsgiving (Zakah): Pay Alms 2 and 1/2% of wealth annually to be distributed to eight categories of people in the society, among them the  poor and needy.

* Pilgrimage (Hajj): Pilgrimage to Mecca once in a person's life time when Allah provides a way and it is safe to do so.

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