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The Belief in the Life Hereafter Between Islam and Hinduism

MIT
11/29/2015
474 views

Life after death in Hinduism

     
 

Most of the Hindus believe in the cycle of birth, death and rebirth, which is called ‘Samsara’. ‘Samsara’ or the doctrine of rebirth is also known as the theory of reincarnation or of transmigration of the soul. This doctrine is considered to be a basic tenet of Hinduism. According to doctrine of rebirth, differences between individuals, even at the time of their birth are due to their past karma i.e. actions done in the past birth. For example if one child is born healthy while another is handicapped or blind, the differences are attributed to their deeds in their previous lives. Those who believe in this theory reason that since all actions may not bear fruit in this life, there has to be another life for facing or reaping the consequences of one’s actions.

It is mentioned in the Bhagvad Gita (2:22): “As a person puts on new garments, giving up old ones, the soul similarly accepts new material bodies, giving up the old and useless.”

 

 

The Doctrine of Re-birth is also described in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad (4:4:3): “As a Caterpillar which has wriggled to the top of a blade of grass draws itself over to a new blade, so does the soul, after it has put aside its body draws itself over to a new existence.

     
 
 
 

Life after death in Islam "the Hereafter"

     
 

Live once in this world and then be resurrected in the Hereafter; It is mentioned in the Qur’an: "How can you reject the faith in Allah? Seeing that you were without life, And He gave you life; Then will He cause you to die, and will He again bring you to life; And again to Him will you return." (Al Qur’an 2:28)

Islam states that a human being comes into this world only once, and after he dies, he is again resurrected on the day of judgement. Depending on his deeds he will either dwell in heaven i.e. Paradise or he will dwell in hell.

This Life is a test for the hereafter; It is mentioned in the Qur’an: "He who created Death and Life, that He may try which of you is best in deed; And He is the exalted in Might, oft- forgiving." (Al Qur’an 67:2)

If we follow the commandments of the Almighty Creator and we pass the test, we shall enter Paradise i.e., which is Eternal Bliss. If we do not follow the commandments of our creator and fail the test then we shall be put into hell.

In Hinduism, the differences in two individuals at birth is explained by stating past karma i.e. actions of the previous life, as the cause of the differences. There is no scientific or logical proof or evidence of the cycle of rebirths.

How does Islam explain these differences? The Islamic explanation for these differences in different individual is given in Surah Mulk: "He who created death and life,
that He may try which of you is best in Deed; And He is the Exalted in Might; oft-forgiving
." (Al Qur’an 67:2).

Thus the main reason for the differences in the human being is that this life is a test for the hereafter. Life after death is mentioned in the Qur’an as well as the Vedas.

Individual differences are not due to transmigration of souls or ‘Samsara’, These beliefs were added on in subsequent scriptures like the Upanishad, Bhagvad Gita and the Puranas. The repetitive cycle of birth and death, birth and death, was unknown and unheard of in the Vedic period.

All praises are for the One and Only God and Creator Allah, who alone is worthy of devotion, complete submission and worship.

 
     
 

 






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