Rhodesia was an unrecognized state located in southern Africa during the cold war. From 1965 to 1979, it comprised the region now known as Zimbabwe. The country with its capital as Salisbury was considered a defacto successor state to the former British colony of Southern Rhodesia.
The arrival of Islam in Rhodesia dates to the fourth Hijri century when Muslims established emirates on the coast of East Africa. During that period, slave merchants extended their business to the interior regions reaching Southern Rhodesia now known as Zimbabwe. Many Muslims also entered Zimbabwe during the colonial period, primarily from the Indian subcontinent.
There are many Muslims in Zimbabwe who are considered to be people of mixed race.
There are rumors that Arab traders played a major role in the construction of Great Zimbabwe of the southern Rhodesia. The proof given for this is that there are a number of indigenous people in the city of Masvingo, who have Muslim names and whose culture is similar to that of Muslims. A great number of Muslims have also arrived since the discovery of diamonds in the Manicaland area from north and western African regions. The Islamic migrants are largely coming from the Yao tribe of neighboring Malawi.