Ar-Rubayyi’ Bint Mu’awwaz Al-Ansaariyya was from the bani Adiyy Ibn Najjaar clan and was among the foremost of the Ansar women to enter into the fold of Islam. Her father in addition to her six uncles participated in the battle of Badr with three of them gaining martyrdom in that battle. Her sister; Faree’ah bint Mu’awwaz was also an outstanding woman companion, Ibn Abdul Barr mentioned in his book: (“Isti’aab) that she was one of those whose supplication was readily answered by Allah”
Ar-Rubayyi’ embraced Islam in Al-Madina before the Migration of the Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) while she was very young. When the Prophet alighted in the house of Abi Ayyub Al-Ansaari (May Allah be please with him) in Madina, the young Ansari girls of that neighborhood came out and were happily singing the following poets:
We are the neighbors of bani Najaar….how excellent is Muhammad as a neighbor
Then the Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Allah knows how I love you people (of Ansaar)”
Ar-Rubayyi’ was one of the young female companions that got the attention of the Prophet Muhammad (May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), and quite close to him. It was narrated that the Messenger of Allah (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) visited Al-Rubayyi 'on the morning after her wedding night, as an honor to her. It happened after the battle of Badr. In addition, during the visit, he found time to give instructions to the ladies, for the good of the world and the hereafter.
Rubayyi’ used to be proud of her father who killed the notorious enemy of Islam; the Pharaoh of this Nation; Abu Jahl.
She follow suit her father bravery and un-reluctant support for the cause of islam and used to join men in battle, she will provide water for the sick and will nurse the wounded alongside other women such as Ummu Ammar, Aesha (the mother of the believers) (may Allah be please with them). Thus, during the treaty of Hudaibiyya, she was part of the 1400 Muhaajiriin and Ansaar who bore the allegiance of pleasure known as Bai’atu Ar-Ridwaan, those about whom Allah said:
لَّقَدْ رَضِىَ ٱللَّهُ عَنِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ إِذْ يُبَايِعُونَكَ تَحْتَ ٱلشَّجَرَةِ فَعَلِمَ مَا فِى قُلُوبِهِمْ فَأَنزَلَ ٱلسَّكِينَةَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَأَثَٰبَهُمْ فَتْحًا قَرِيبًا
“God was pleased with the believers, when they pledged allegiance to you under the tree. He knew what was in their hearts, and sent down serenity upon them, and rewarded them with an imminent conquest.( Al-fath: 18)
Her contribution in the field of Islamic sciences
Contributions of Ar-Rubayyi 'is not only directed to the issue of jihad and struggle, she also loved science. She often visited the beloved wife of the Prophet and the mother of the believers; Aesha to add insight and knowledge. She used to focused on acquiring knowledge and memorizing the sayings (hadith ) of the Prophet. Ar-Rubayyi 'narrated the hadith from him as many as 21 pieces of hadith.
Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrated some of her hadiths. Even some of the Companions and Successors came to Ar-Rubayyi 'to acquire knowledge of hadith. Some prominent Successors also narrated the hadith from him, just call Dzakwan Khalid bin Sulaiman bin Yasar, Abu Ubaidah bin Ammar bin Yasir, and others.
Because of her insight in the sciences of the religion, Ar-Rubayyi 'appears to be one of the female companions who is a reference in Islamic law, Biography of the Prophet, and various events in Islam at the beginning of its emergence. Some of the historical literature mentions that she died in the year 37 AH, after passing various influences on the faithful women who continue to radiate kindness and righteousness.