Examination malpractice is defined as a deliberate wrong doing contrary to official examination rules designed to place a candidate at an unfair advantage or disadvantage. It is of those conducts during examination that can be regarded as unethical or improper. Examinations are usually tests set to verify your precise knowledge about a subject matter. This is done based on laid down rules which in truth should not be violated by any of the parties concerned, since the rules are by mutual agreement.
Examination malpractice is any illegal act committed by a student single handedly or in collaboration with others like fellow students, parents, teachers, supervisors, invigilators, printers and anybody or group of people before, during or after examination in order to obtain undeserved marks or grades.
Examination malpractice comes in various ways including impersonation (i.e. someone pretending to be another person), bringing in already prepared answers to the set questions, copying from the answers of fellow candidates during examination, leakage of question papers to copying, changing answer books, misconduct in examination centre, approaching invigilators/examiners, making false entries in award list/ examination registers and issuing fake certificate/degrees, Smuggling answer books in or outside the examination centre etc.
In the scale of Islam, examination malpractice is regarded as a form of cheating and treachery and cheating is unlawful, regardless whether it is in an exam, in worship, or in dealing with others, because, it is narrated that the messenger of Allah(peace be upon him) said: who ever cheats us is not one of us.
According to another report, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) passed by a pile of food in the market. He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) put his hand inside it and felt dampness, although the surface was dry. He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “O owner of the food, what is this?’ The man said, ‘It was damaged by rain, O Messenger of God.’ He said, ‘Why did you not put the rain-damaged food on top so that people could see it! Whoever cheats us is not one of us.” (Saheeh Muslim)
Anyone who cheats is guilty of committing a sin and he who helps him in cheating also shares in the blame. It is important to stress that just because exams are difficult does not justify cheating, for examinations are originally meant to show how much one has exerted efforts to prepare for the test. It is not logical of course, to shower both the hard-working and the lazy with the same reward. To do so would be injustice. A sound mind never accepts such an unjust equation. Cheating in examinations is one of the things that threaten society, for it urges the spread of falsehood and forms an attack against truth. It causes total chaos in society and indicates that some people will have unjustified access to posts and undeserved honor.
Islam views cheating and deception as heinous sins, a source of shame to the one guilty of committing them, both in this world and the next. The Prophet, may the mercy and blessings of Allah be upon him, did not merely denounce them by excluding them from the Muslim community in this world, he also announced that on the Day of Judgment every traitor would be raised carrying the flag of his betrayal. A caller will cry out from the vast arena of judgment, pointing to him, drawing attention to him:
“Every traitor will have a banner on the Day of Resurrection and it will be said: This is the betrayer of so-and-so.” (Saheeh Al-Bukhari)