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Christianity in the light of the New Testament and the Stance of the Holy Quran

MIT
5/11/2017
222 views

All the praises and thanks are due and belong to Allah Only; the Only One Who has the ultimate right to legislate the lawful and the unlawful, the right and the wrong. May His blessings be upon all prophets and Messengers who were sent by Him to deliver to Mankind His unadulterated religion, the final of whom was the holy Prophet of Islam; Muhammad; may Allah’s special salutations and benedictions be upon him, his family and all his companions and followers.

Unlike Islam, nowhere in the two testaments of the Bible is the religion of Jesus Christ and his faith named as “Christianity”. It was devised later after his death to describe his followers and hence, they were named Christians.1

This fact corresponds with historical reality in the sense that, the books of the New Testament were written long after the ascension Jesus into the heaven. The four popular books of the New Testament namely Mathew, mark, Luke and John are just narratives covering the life and earthly demise of Jesus (not dead nor crucified as claimed by the church). Encyclopedia Britannica notes that none of the sources of his life and work can be traced to Jesus himself; he did not leave a single known written word. Also, there are no contemporary accounts written of his life and ascension. What can be established about the historical Jesus depends almost without exception on Christian traditions, especially on the material used in the composition of the Gospels of Mark, Matthew, and Luke, which reflect the outlook of the later church and its faith in Jesus. Thus Christianity as it exist today is the invention and creation of such narratives which were all lacking the element eye witnessing. Series of events after Christ was taken away from this world lead to what we have today as Christianity. For instance, Paul is considered by a number of Christian scholars to be the father of Christianity due to his additions of the following ideas:

  • that Jesus is the son of God,
  • the concept of Atonement,
  • the renunciation of the Law of the Torah.

Paul did these things in hopes of winning over the Gentiles (non-Jewish people). His letters are another of the primary sources of information on Jesus according to the Christian tradition.

The original followers of Prophet Jesus opposed these blatant misrepresentations of the message of Jesus. They struggled to reject the notion of the Divinity of Jesus for close to 200 years.

In 325 (CE), a council of Christian leaders met at Nicaea and made Paul's beliefs officially part of Christian doctrine. It also ordered that all original Gospels in Hebrew script, which contradicted Paul’s beliefs, should be destroyed. An edict was issued that anyone in possession of these Gospels would be put to death.

Christianity in the New Testament therefore is a representation of the above-discussed events and not as taught by Jesus –peace be upon him and his twelfth disciples:

The Stance of the Holy Quran

As the final revelation and divine Testament of God Almighty, it came to refute what is not from God and to affirm what is really from Him almighty of the teachings of past Prophets. This role of it necessitated its divine preservation and protection so that it remains until eternity as the criteria of Allah’s true religion. It rejected the doctrines added by Paul to Christianity and even gave account of Jesus (peace be upon him) owns speech concerning the worship of only One Lord as found in many other verses of the Bible.

About the false divination of Jesus (peace be upon him) the holy Qur’an declared:

لَقَدْ كَفَرَ ٱلَّذِينَ قَالُوٓا۟ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ هُوَ ٱلْمَسِيحُ ٱبْنُ مَرْيَمَ ۖ وَقَالَ ٱلْمَسِيحُ يَٰبَنِىٓ إِسْرَٰٓءِيلَ ٱعْبُدُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ رَبِّى وَرَبَّكُمْ ۖ إِنَّهُۥ مَن يُشْرِكْ بِٱللَّهِ فَقَدْ حَرَّمَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ ٱلْجَنَّةَ وَمَأْوَىٰهُ ٱلنَّارُ ۖ وَمَا لِلظَّٰلِمِينَ مِنْ أَنصَارٍ

They disbelieve those who say, "God is the Messiah the son of Mary." But the Messiah himself said, "O Children of Israel, worship God, my Lord and your Lord. Whoever associates others with God, God has forbidden him Paradise, and his dwelling is the Fire. The wrongdoers have no saviors." (Al-Maa’ida:72)

It also rejected the doctrine of trinity and declared it foreign to Jesus own teachings: it proclaimed:

لَّقَدْ كَفَرَ ٱلَّذِينَ قَالُوٓا۟ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ ثَالِثُ ثَلَٰثَةٍ ۘ وَمَا مِنْ إِلَٰهٍ إِلَّآ إِلَٰهٌ وَٰحِدٌ ۚ وَإِن لَّمْ يَنتَهُوا۟ عَمَّا يَقُولُونَ لَيَمَسَّنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا۟ مِنْهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ

They disbelieve those who say, "God is the third of three." But there is no deity except the One God. If they do not refrain from what they say, a painful torment will befall those among them who disbelieve. (Al-Maa’ida:73)

All these correspond with Jesus own words recorded in Mark verse 29, when he was asked about the most important commandment, he answered:

“The most important one is this: ‘Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one….” (Mark:12 : 29-NIV)

The Qur’an also rejected the doctrine of the son-ship of Jesus and that his similitude in the sight of Allah is like that of Aadam who was created of no father and mother, yet he was not the son of Allah.

إِنَّ مَثَلَ عِيسَىٰ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ كَمَثَلِ ءَادَمَ ۖ خَلَقَهُۥ مِن تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُۥ كُن فَيَكُونُ

The likeness of Jesus in God's sight is that of Adam: He created him from dust, then said to him, "Be," and he was.” (Aali-Imraan: 59)

Son-ship in the Bible is used in the depiction of nearness to God, so we found in many places other Prophets and Messengers are refered to as sons of God, and even we ordinary humans are regarded as such. In the books of Moses it is recorded as:

And it came to pass that Enoch continued his speech, saying: Behold, our father Adam taught these things, and many have believed and become the sons of God, and many have believed not, and have perished in their sins, and are looking forth with fear, in torment, for the fiery indignation of the wrath of God to be poured out upon them.

The issue of begotten son of God revolves around the same theme nearness to God and not in its literal sense. In the bible, we read that it is not only Jesus that is begotten by God but there are others as well. Israel is called first-born of God:

Exodus 4:22 "Thus saith Jehovah, Israel is my son, even my firstborn."  Here we see in this verse that Israel is not only God's so called "Son", but also his first born

About David, the bible said:

Psalm 2:7 "....Jehovah had said onto me (David), thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee."  Here in this verse we see that God not only called David his "Son", but also had made him his begotten Son!!.

Thus the concept son as found in many books of Bible refers to servant of God and not biological. It does not befit Allah almighty to have biologicsal sons as He mentioned in the glorious Qur’an:

بَدِيعُ ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ ۖ أَنَّىٰ يَكُونُ لَهُۥ وَلَدٌ وَلَمْ تَكُن لَّهُۥ صَٰحِبَةٌ ۖ وَخَلَقَ كُلَّ شَىْءٍ ۖ وَهُوَ بِكُلِّ شَىْءٍ عَلِيمٌ

Originator of the heavens and the earth-how can He have a son when He never had a companion? He created all things, and He has knowledge of all things.” (An-Aam:101)

References:

1- Acts 11:26King James Version (KJV)






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