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The Rights of Allah between Islam and Judaism

MIT
5/18/2017
119 views

Allah is the sole Creator and Sustainer of the universe. He is the Almighty who created everything with absolute wisdom. Allah is the One who initiated every being from nothing. He is the One who protects humans in their mothers' wombs, as infants, as children and as adults. He, alone, sustains all humans and provides them with food and every aspect of life.

To Allah are universal laws upon His servants, and His rights are the rights that must be kept the most. Denial of Allah’s rights and refusal to discharge them towards Him as prescribed through His Messengers and His divinely revealed scriptures leads to wretchedness in this kaleidoscopic world and culminates to eternal condemnation in Hell on the dreadful Day of Resurrection. Why can’t the right of that powerful Creator be recognized by man whilst He is the One who grants all the graces since man was a fetus in his mother's womb where no one was capable of providing sufficient food and nourishment, except Him. In the womb, Allah, the Almighty, provided three layers of darkness for comfort, protection and proper isolation. Later, He was the one to provide your mother with warm milk in her breast to give you suitable type of food at all times, and in accordance with your age. Yet Allah, the Almighty, was the One Who directed you to use the sucking function provided for you, enabling you to suckle the milk from your mother.

Moreover, He is the one who placed love, tender care, compassion, love and the sense of attachment in your parents' hearts to employ all what they have for your comfort, well -being and early stage of your life when you needed the care, the shelter, the comfort and other things.

Furthermore, He is the One Who provided you with natural intelligence, mental faculties, sense, energy, strength and so forth to care for yourself and for others, professing the Creator's abilities and graces unto you. Allah , the Almighty , stated in the glorious Quran:

وَٱللَّهُ أَخْرَجَكُم مِّنۢ بُطُونِ أُمَّهَٰتِكُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُونَ شَيْـًٔا وَجَعَلَ لَكُمُ ٱلسَّمْعَ وَٱلْأَبْصَٰرَ وَٱلْأَفْـِٔدَةَ ۙ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ

“God brought you out of your mothers' wombs, not knowing anything; and He gave you the hearing, and the eyesight, and the brains; that you may give thanks. (An-Nahl:78)

In this short article, a scholarly presentation of the rights of Allah in both Islam and Judaism is going to be made to show how universal and unchangeable they are.

The basic right of Allah, which runs through both Islam and Judaism and even Christianity, is His right to be worshipped alone without associating other humans and gods with Him.

This right is reiterated in many verses of the divine scriptures and represents the central and pivotal theme of the message brought by all Messengers and Prophets (peace be upon them). To discharge this right to Allah also serves as the necessary step for the intellectual and spiritual liberation of man from the shackles of subordination to other creatures like him. infact it is the reason why man is created; the holy Qur’an declared Allah saying:

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ ٱلْجِنَّ وَٱلْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ

مَآ أُرِيدُ مِنْهُم مِّن رِّزْقٍ وَمَآ أُرِيدُ أَن يُطْعِمُونِ

“ I did not create the jinn and the humans except to worship Me. I need no livelihood from them, nor do I need them to feed Me.” (Az-Zhariyaat: 56-57)

In Jewish Bible (the old Testament) this basic and paramount right of Allah was mentioned in very detailed pronouncement. It says in Exodus 20:2-6

I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery, You shall have no other gods to set against me. You shall not make a carved image for yourself nor the likeness of anything in the heavens above, or on the earth below, or in the waters under the earth. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the Lord your God…”

One of the outstanding companions of the holy Prophet –peace be upon him; Mu’adh Ibn Jabal (may Allah be please with him) relates that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said to him: “O Mu`âdh! Do you know what is Allah’s right over His servants and what their right is over Him?” I said: “Allah and His Messenger know best.” He said: “Allah’s right over His servants is that they worship Him without associating any partner with Him in worship, and their right over Him is that He does not punish anyone who worships Him without associating any partner with Him in worship.” [Sahîh al-Bukhârî and Sahîh Muslim]

Also, it is Allah’s right to be feared and obeyed in all situations and circumstances. In fact, that was His will to all adherents of divine religions before Islam and in Islam. The holy Qur’an declared:

وَلِلَّهِ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَمَا فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ ۗ وَلَقَدْ وَصَّيْنَا ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُوا۟ ٱلْكِتَٰبَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ وَإِيَّاكُمْ أَنِ ٱتَّقُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ ۚ وَإِن تَكْفُرُوا۟ فَإِنَّ لِلَّهِ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَمَا فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ ۚ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ غَنِيًّا حَمِيدًا

To God belongs everything in the heavens and everything on earth. We have instructed those who were given the Book before you, and you, to be conscious of God. But if you refuse-to God belongs everything in the heavens and everything on earth. God is in no need, Praiseworthy.” (An-Nisaa’:131)

The fear of Allah is the path to forgiveness, salvation, and the attainment of Allah’s mercy. People who fear Him and carry out His commandments with abstaining from His prohibitions are those who shall inherit His bounties in paradise. Allah says:

وَمَن يَتَّقِ ٱللَّهَ يُكَفِّرْ عَنْهُ سَيِّـَٔاتِهِۦ وَيُعْظِمْ لَهُۥٓ أَجْرًا

“…Whoever fears God-He will remit his sins, and will amplify his reward.” (At-Talaq:5)

The same theme of fear of Allah is mentioned in several passages of the Old Testament as the basis of salvation, it calls all the people of the earth to fear Allah and revere Him. in Psalm 33:8  we read:

Let all the earth fear the LORD; let all the people of the world revere Him”

In Ecclesssiates we read also:

“Now all has been heard; here is the conclusion of the matter: Fear God and keep his commandments, for this are the whole duty of man )Ecclesiastes 12:13(

Another most important right of Allah is showing of gratitude to Him for His immense favors and bounties of children of Aadam. Shukr (gratitude, giving thanks) represents one of the most important acts of worship preach by Islam and Judaism, for Allaah is the One Who bestows favors and blessings upon all of creation, so they have to show their gratitude for these blessings on their lips and in their hearts and in their physical actions, by praising Allaah and using these blessings to obey Allaah and in ways that Allaah has permitted: the glorious Qur’an declared:

فَٱذْكُرُونِىٓ أَذْكُرْكُمْ وَٱشْكُرُوا۟ لِى وَلَا تَكْفُرُونِ

So remember Me, and I will remember you. And thank Me, and do not be ungrateful.” (Al-Baqara:152)

In Judaism, gratitude is a vital component of worship and permeates every aspect of the worshiper's daily life. In the Hebrew Scriptures, the poetry of the Psalms is saturated with thanks giving to God: "O LORD my God, I will give thanks to you forever "(30:12) and "I will give thanks to the LORD with my whole heart "(9:1).

Other rights of Allah common between islam and Judaism are His rights to render acts of worship to Him with pure sincerity and good conscience. The holy Qur’an declared:

وَمَآ أُمِرُوٓا۟ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ ٱلدِّينَ حُنَفَآءَ وَيُقِيمُوا۟ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَيُؤْتُوا۟ ٱلزَّكَوٰةَ ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ دِينُ ٱلْقَيِّمَةِ

“They were commanded only to worship God, devoting their faith to Him alone, and to practice regular prayer, and to give alms. That is the upright religion.” (Al-Bayyina: 5)

And also accepting all His messengers and Prophets (peace be upon them) as people of the same essence and believing in what they came with without making distinctions amongst them. This particular right is observed by only Muslims; for they believed in their Prophet and all previously sent Messengers and Prophets and accord to them their deserved status.

ءَامَنَ ٱلرَّسُولُ بِمَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيْهِ مِن رَّبِّهِۦ وَٱلْمُؤْمِنُونَ ۚ كُلٌّ ءَامَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَمَلَٰٓئِكَتِهِۦ وَكُتُبِهِۦ وَرُسُلِهِۦ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِّن رُّسُلِهِۦ ۚ وَقَالُوا۟ سَمِعْنَا وَأَطَعْنَا ۖ غُفْرَانَكَ رَبَّنَا وَإِلَيْكَ ٱلْمَصِيرُ

The Messenger has believed in what was revealed to him from his Lord, as did the believers. They all have believed in God, and His angels, and His scriptures, and His messengers: "We make no distinction between any of His messengers." And they say, "We hear and we obey. Your forgiveness, our Lord. To you is the destiny." (Al-Baqara:285)
 






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