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Etiquettes of Teaching the Qur'an

MIT
7/24/2017
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Impacting the knowledge of the Qur’an either by teaching its recitation, its interpretation and exegesis are all sublime deeds very pleasing to Allah. in fact teaching the Qur’an to others qualifies a person to become one of the best servants of Allah as reported in the hadith narrated by Uthman Ibn Affan (may Allah be pleased with him ) that the messenger of Allah –peace be upon him-said: "The best among you (Muslims) are those who learn the Qur'an and teach it."(Al-Bukhari)

The realization of the great rewards of teaching the Qur’an comes with the fulfillment of some etiquettes or morals that help make the act of teaching the Qur’an pleasing to Allah. Some of these etiquettes are as follows:

1-sincerity:

The teacher should be engaged in teaching the Qur’an for the sake of gaining the pleasure of Allah as said by Allah; the Most High:

 وَمَآ أُمِرُوٓا۟ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ ٱلدِّينَ حُنَفَآءَ

They were commanded only to worship God, devoting their faith to Him alone..” (Al-Bayyina: 5)

2- Not Seeking a Worldly Objective

The teacher must not make his intentions |to teach| for the purpose of attaining some worldly objective, such as wealth, leadership, influence, rising above his peers, gaining people’s praise, or drawing their attention to himself. One does not dishonor his teaching of [the Quran) by hoping to obtain some favor — by way of an [influential] student who recites to him — whether the favor is in the form of property or some service, however small, or even a gift that he would not have received had it not been for [his] student reciting to him. The holy Qur’an declared:

مَن كَانَ يُرِيدُ حَرْثَ ٱلْءَاخِرَةِ نَزِدْ لَهُۥ فِى حَرْثِهِۦ ۖ وَمَن كَانَ يُرِيدُ حَرْثَ ٱلدُّنْيَا نُؤْتِهِۦ مِنْهَا وَمَا لَهُۥ فِى ٱلْءَاخِرَةِ مِن نَّصِيبٍ

Whoever desires the harvest of the Hereafter, We increase for him his harvest; and whoever desires the harvest of this world, We give him thereof, and he has no share of the Hereafter.(42:20)

Anas, Hudhayfa, and Ka‘b ibn Malik (God be well pleased with them all) stated that the Messenger of God (God bless him and grant him peace) said, “Whoever seeks knowledge so that he can contest fools, vie with the scholars, or attract attention toward himself occupies his seat in the Fire.” Tirmidhi related it from the account of Ka‘b ibn Malik (God be pleased with him) that states, “...it puts him into the Fire.”

3- Not Objecting to Students Reciting With Others

The teacher takes every precaution from boasting because of the many people under his tutelage and who patronize him. He is cautious of disliking his students reciting with someone else who offers them benefit.

4-Moulded by Good Qualities

“The scholar should be molded by the good qualities mentioned in the Revelation (the Qur’an and Sunnah), and the praiseworthy inner qualities and the leasing habits that God Most High guided to. They include abstinence in this world, thinking little of it, lacking concern for it and its worldly people. They include generosity, openhandedness, noble character, and a cheerful face but without becoming immodest. They include discernment, self-control, and being above vile acquisition. They include adhering to scrupulousness, humility, tranquility, dignity, modesty, submission, and avoiding laughter and frequent play. They in-clude: adhering to religious tasks, such as, cleanliness, removing filth and hair that the legislation mentions removing; trimming the mustache, trimming the nails and combing the beard; and removing offensive smells and offensive clothing”. (mentioned by Imam An-Nawawi in his book: “ Etiquettes with the Qur’an)

The scholar should take every precaution from envy, showing off, pride, and thinking little of others — even if [they are] beneath him.

5-Being Kind and Accommodating

The teacher should be kind to whomever recites to him, welcoming him and well-mannered with him in accordance to his circumstances. It is related that Abu Harun al-‘Abdi said, “We would come to Abu Sa‘id al-Khudrl (Allah be pleased with him), and he would say, ‘Welcome to the beneficiaries of the Messenger of God (God bless him and grant him peace). The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, “People rely upon you. Men will come to you from the earth’s regions to acquire religious knowledge. When they come to you, make them your concern.’” (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, and others related it. Something like it was related to us in Musnad al-Darimi by way of Abu al-Darda’ (God be pleased with him). (Mentioned by Imam An-Nawawi in his book: “ Etiquettes with the Qur’an)

 5-Sincerity toward Students

The teacher should make every effort to be sincere with whom- ever recites to him, since the Messenger of God (God bless him and grant him peace) said, “Religion is sincerity:’ towards God, His Book, His Messenger, the leaders of the Muslims, and their common folk.” (Muslim.)

Sincerity towards God and His Book includes, honoring its reciter and its student, guiding him to his best interest; being kind to him; assisting him in his studies with all that one can. It includes harmonizing the student’s heart; being openhanded by teaching him gently, being kind towards him, and encouraging him to learn.

The teacher should mention the superiority of learning to the student, so that it causes him to be eager and increases his desire, makes him abstinent in this world, and changes him from being inclined towards [the world] and from being deluded by it. The teacher should mention to him the superiority of being occupied with the Quran and all other religious sciences. This is the path of those who have knowledge of Allah the resolute, and the righteous worshipers of Allah. And it is the rank of the prophets (may Allah bless them and grant them peace).

6- Not Possessed of Arrogance

The teacher should not be arrogant towards his students. Instead, he should be gentle and humble. Many well-known accounts have been related about the importance of having humility with ordinary individuals; so how is it with those who are like one’s own children, especially given what they are doing occupied with the Quran? All of this is in addition to what they hold over him already, including the right of companionship and their right to go to him repeatedly. It has been related that the Prophet (God bless him and grant him peace) said, “Be gentle with your student and with your teacher .”'

8- Resolved to Teach

It is recommended that the teacher be fully committed to teaching [his students], preferring it over his personal worldly matters that are not critical. It is recommended that he empty his heart of all preoccupying matters — and they are many and known — while sitting for their recitation. It is recommended that he be resolved to making them understand. He should give each student what is suitable for him, that is, he should not give a greater [workload] to one who cannot bear the increase, nor should he lessen the load for one who can indeed bear the addition.

He should request the students to repeat what they have memorized. Moreover, he should praise a student whose excellence is manifest, as long as there is no problem with conceit or something else that may be feared of him. He should gently admonish whoever falls short in his studies, as long as he does not fear alienating him.

Never should a teacher envy a student for excelling, nor harbor thoughts that what God has bestowed upon him is excessive. This is because envying even strangers is strictly unlawful. How is it, then, with envying a student who is like one’s own son, and whose excellences shall cause his teacher to reap abundant reward in the Hereafter and excellent praise in this world? 






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