Prayer Time

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All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger. We ask Allah to exalt his mention as well as that of his family and all his companions.


 “Mushaf” (plural is “masahif) is another Arabic term that is related to “Qur’an” but is slightly different from it. This term is derived from the Arabic term “ sahifa.” This word is not found in the Qur’an, but its plural, “suhuf,” occurs 8 times. In all of its eight occurrences, “suhuf” means “written pages” of something.


Therefore, the literal meaning of “mushaf” is “collection of pages.” Its technical meaning is, therefore, the “compiled, written pages of the Qur’an.” In other words, the term “Qur’an” refers to the specific “revelation that was read to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)” whereas the term “mushaf” denotes the “written form” of that revelation.  It is a codex or collection of sheets of the holy Qur'an. Thus, Mushaf is characterized as a compiled written pages of the Qur'an, and each mushaf follows a particular “Qira’a (reading)” of the Qur’an. A “reading” is a way of writing or pronouncing the Qur’anic text. There are seven readings of the Qur’an that are considered authoritative, another 3 that are accepted by the majority of scholars, and another 4 that some accept and others reject as unconfirmed. As an example of the differences between two readings, in the third verse of the first chapter of the Qur’an, some readings have the word “maliki,” with a long “a,” while others have “maliki.” Both mean “owner” or “possessor.”

However, a mushaf may be written using any of a number of different Arabic scripts. For instance, one mushaf may be written using the Kufi script and another using Thulth. Furthermore, Arabic scripts developed over time, which means older mushafs that were written using the same script look different from new ones. For instance, the use of diacritical marks (dots above or under letters), which is known as “i’jam,” and the use of voweling marks (signs representing vowels), which is known as “ tashkil,” were both introduced later into Arabic scripts, so early mushafs did not have them.

As stated earlier that Mushaf is another Arabic term that is related to “Qur’an” but is slightly different from it. Among of these differences is;

1 . Quran is the "revelation" that was read to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and mushaf is the "written form" of that revelation.

2 . Mushaf is the book and Quran is the revelation.

3 . The Speech of Allah, the Mighty and Honored, is not created, no matter how it is written, no matter how it is recited, no matter where it is recited, whether it is found in the heavens or on earth, or whether it is engraved on a stone, written on a paper, memorized by heart, or recited verbally. Whoever says otherwise, or believes otherwise, whether he hides it or speaks openly with it as his Religion, such a person is a disbeliever in Allah, subject to capital punishment. He is free from Allah, and Allah is free from him.


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