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Procurement and usage of precious utensils other than gold and silver

MIT
10/8/2017
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All praise is due to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. May peace and blessings be upon the Messenger, his household and Companions. To go further;

Utensils of gold and silver are forbidden according to the texts of Islam and according to scholarly consensus. It was proven that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Do not drink from vessels of gold and silver; do not eat from plates of gold and silver, because they are for them in this world and for you in the Hereafter.” (Saheeh, agreed upon; from the hadeeth of Hudhayfah may Allah be pleased with him).

And it was proven that he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever eats and drinks from vessels of gold and silver, is taking fire from Hell into his belly.” (Saheeh, agreed upon; from the hadeeth of Umm Salamah, may Allah be pleased with him; this version was narrated by Muslim). So, it is not permissible to use gold and silver as vessels, whether for eating or drinking.

 

But the scholars differed in opinion regarding the procurement and usage of precious utensils other than gold and silver such as jewels, aquamarine, crystal, rubies and others. The majority of the scholars opined that it is allowed to use them because there is no any authentic text from Qur'an or Sunnah prohibiting their usage. And some others said it is disliked to use such utensils and they gave as evidence that their usage involves extravagance and moreover it is a sign of pride and ostentatious lifestyle. Allah detest them both. While others opined that it is not permissible to use them because of the preciosity of these vessels and their usage involves extravagance.

 

The most preponderant opinion, is that it is permissible to use utensils made of precious materials. But it is disliked to use them since doing so indicates haughtiness and may sadden the poor and it is a show of pride and exhibition of richness . All such actions are against the basic teaching of Islam.

      

Ibn Qudaamah (may Allah have mercy on him) wrote after mentioning the prohibition of eating or drinking in utensils made of gold or silver, “As for the rest of the utensils, it is lawful to use them regardless of whether they are made of precious materials, such as rubies, crystal, cornelian, gold, and shaped glass, or invaluable materials, such as wood, pottery, or leather. It is not disliked to use any of them according to the opinion of scholars.” [Al-Mughni]






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